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The human intestinal tract is colonized by microbial communities that show a subject-specific composition and a high-level temporal stability in healthy adults. To determine whether this is reflected at the functional level, we compared the faecal metaproteomes of healthy subjects over time using a novel high-throughput approach based on denaturing(More)
Reversed-phase liquid chromatography on the nanoscale coupled to electrospray tandem mass spectrometry was used to analyse a mixture of four commercial glycan standards, and the method was further adapted to N-glycans enzymatically released from alpha-1-acid glycoprotein and immunoglobulin gamma. Glycans were permethylated to enable their separation by(More)
BACKGROUND Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) are shown to have a great therapeutic potential in many immunological disorders. Currently the therapeutic effect of MSCs is considered to be mediated via paracrine interactions with immune cells. Umbilical cord blood is an attractive but still less studied source of MSCs. We investigated the production of(More)
Glycan decorations dictate protein functions and thus have crucial importance in life sciences. Previously glycoprotein analysis was mainly focused on the analysis of the liberated glycans allowing detailed structural, but lacking positional information. Analysis of intact glycopeptides required purified glycoproteins and manual interpretation of spectra.(More)
Multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) offer great promise for future regenerative and anti-inflammatory therapies. However, there is a lack of methods to quickly and efficiently isolate, characterize, and ex vivo expand desired cell populations for therapeutic purposes. Single markers to identify cell populations have not been characterized; instead,(More)
Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) are an attractive choice for a variety of cellular therapies. hMSCs can be isolated from many different tissues and possess unique mitochondrial properties that can be used to determine their differentiation potential. Mitochondrial properties may possibly be used as a quality measure of hMSC-based products. Accordingly,(More)
Details of metastasis, the deadliest aspect of cancer, are unclear. Cell surface proteins play central roles in adhesive contacts between the tumor cell and the stroma during metastasis. We optimized a fast, small-scale isolation of biotinylated cell surface proteins to reveal novel metastasis-associated players from an isogenic pair of human MDA-MB-435(More)
Systemic infusion of therapeutic cells would be the most practical and least invasive method of administration in many cellular therapies. One of the main obstacles especially in intravenous delivery of cells is a massive cell retention in the lungs, which impairs homing to the target tissue and may decrease the therapeutic outcome. In this study we showed(More)
Despite recent technical advances in glycan analysis, the rapidly growing field of glycomics still lacks methods that are high throughput and robust, and yet allow detailed and reliable identification of different glycans. LC-MS-MS2 methods have a large potential for glycan analysis as they enable separation and identification of different glycans,(More)
There is an increasing interest in the modification of cell surface glycosylation to improve the properties of therapeutic cells. For example, glycosylation affects the biodistribution of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs). Metabolic glycoengineering is an efficient way to modify the cell surface. The mammalian biosynthetic machinery tolerates the unnatural(More)