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Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR) are present in high abundance in the nervous system (Decker et al., 1995). There are a large number of subunits expressed in the brain that combine to form multimeric functional receptors. We have generated an alpha(4) nAChR subunit knock-out line and focus on defining the behavioral role of this receptor(More)
Vitrification of mouse oocytes adversely affected the subsequent developmental potential of embryos and fetuses derived from the fertilization of such oocytes after thawing. Only 5% of oocytes vitrified formed viable fetuses on the 15th day of gestation as compared to 47% in the controls. The incidence of chromosomally aneuploid zygotes, derived from(More)
Hydrogen peroxide has been shown to induce either apoptosis or features of senescence in different cultured cell lines. We now show that both processes can be induced in the same culture of primary human diploid fibroblasts and that the outcome of apoptosis or the senescence-like phenotype is determined by the H2O2 concentrations. At 50 and 100 microM, H2O2(More)
To examine the in vivo role(s) of type I interferons (IFNs) and to determine the role of a component of the type I IFN receptor (IFNAR1) in mediating responses to these IFNs, we generated mice with a null mutation (-/-) in the IFNAR1 gene. Despite compelling evidence for modulation of cell proliferation and differentiation by type I IFNs, there were no(More)
The ETS gene products are a family of transcriptional regulatory proteins that contain a highly conserved and structurally unique DNA binding domain, termed the ETS domain. Several ETS proteins bind to DNA as monomers, however it has been shown that the DNA binding activity is enhanced or modulated in the presence of other factors. By differential display(More)
Spermatogenesis is a complex process requiring the coordinate expression of a number of testis-specific genes. One of these, Pdha-2, codes for the murine spermatogenesis-specific isoform of the E1a subunit of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex. To begin to delineate the mechanisms regulating its expression in vivo, we have generated transgenic mice lines(More)
We demonstrate the presence of centrioles in fertilized human oocytes at syngamy. Single or double centrioles within centrosomes were detected by transmission electron microscopy at one pole of the first cleavage spindle in normal and dispermic embryos (25-26 hr after insemination). Sperm centrioles were also closely associated with the male pronucleus(More)
Glutathione peroxidase is an antioxidant enzyme that is involved in the control of cellular oxidative state. Recently, unregulated oxidative state has been implicated as detrimental to neural cell viability and involved in both acute and chronic neurodegeneration. In this study we have addressed the importance of a functional glutathione peroxidase in a(More)
Together, osteoporosis and osteopetrosis comprise a substantial proportion of the bone diseases that severely affect humans. In order to understand and effectively treat these disorders, an understanding of the mechanisms controlling bone remodelling is essential. While numerous animal models of bone disease have been generated, the lack of correlation(More)
The ETS transcription factors are a large family implicated in the control of cellular proliferation and tumorigenesis. In addition, chromosomal translocations involving ETS family members are associated with a range of different human cancers. Given the extensive involvement of ETS factors in tumorigenesis, it becomes important to identify any additional(More)