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Glutathione peroxidases have been thought to function in cellular antioxidant defense. However, some recent studies on Gpx1 knockout (-/-) mice have failed to show a role for Gpx1 under conditions of oxidative stress such as hyperbaric oxygen and the exposure of eye lenses to high levels of H2O2. These findings have, unexpectedly, raised the issue of the(More)
Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR) are present in high abundance in the nervous system (Decker et al., 1995). There are a large number of subunits expressed in the brain that combine to form multimeric functional receptors. We have generated an alpha(4) nAChR subunit knock-out line and focus on defining the behavioral role of this receptor(More)
Cathepsin K is a cysteine protease expressed predominantly in osteoclasts. Activated cathepsin K cleaves key bone matrix proteins and is believed to play an important role in degrading the organic phase of bone during bone resorption. Mutations in the human cathepsin K gene have been demonstrated to be associated with a rare skeletal dysplasia,(More)
The human Hsp70 family encompasses at least 11 genes which encode a group of highly related proteins. These proteins include both cognate and highly inducible members, at least some of which act as molecular chaperones. The location of cognate Hsp70s within all the major subcellular compartments is an indication of the importance of these proteins. The(More)
The ETS transcription factors are a large family implicated in the control of cellular proliferation and tumorigenesis. In addition, chromosomal translocations involving ETS family members are associated with a range of different human cancers. Given the extensive involvement of ETS factors in tumorigenesis, it becomes important to identify any additional(More)
Glutathione peroxidase is an antioxidant enzyme that is involved in the control of cellular oxidative state. Recently, unregulated oxidative state has been implicated as detrimental to neural cell viability and involved in both acute and chronic neurodegeneration. In this study we have addressed the importance of a functional glutathione peroxidase in a(More)
We demonstrate the presence of centrioles in fertilized human oocytes at syngamy. Single or double centrioles within centrosomes were detected by transmission electron microscopy at one pole of the first cleavage spindle in normal and dispermic embryos (25-26 hr after insemination). Sperm centrioles were also closely associated with the male pronucleus(More)
The ETS family of genes are implicated in cancers such as Ewings sarcoma, acute myeloid leukemia and chronic myelomonocytic leukemia. Further, they have important functions in embryonic development. Hence, identification and characterization of members of this family are important. We identify a novel ETS family member, ELF3, and report its human and murine(More)
ETS2 is a transcription factor encoded by a gene on human chromosome 21 and alterations in its expression have been implicated in the pathophysiological features of Down syndrome (DS). This study demonstrates that overexpression of ETS2 results in apoptosis. This is shown in a number of circumstances, including ETS2-overexpressing transgenic mice and cell(More)
Between 1 and 4% of human oocytes fertilized in vitro are tripronuclear. It has been reported that these tripronuclear oocytes can develop to grossly normal-appearing morulae and that chromosomally, these embryos could be triploid, diploid, or severely depleted. The etiology and proportion of apparently diploid and aneuploid embryos deriving from(More)