Iliana Ionkova

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The aerial parts of 54 accessions representing 41 Linum species and four species of related genera were analysed for lignans by means of HPLC-ESI/MS-MS-UV/DAD. In total, 64 different lignans of the aryltetralin-, arylnaphthalene-, aryldihydronaphthalene-, dibenzylbutyrolactone-, and furofuran type were identified. According to their lignan profile, the(More)
For the first time three different natural compounds, isolated from hairy roots of Astragalus membranaceus, cultivated in airlift bioreactor were tested for their cytotoxic potential and apoptosis induction in a panel of human tumor cell lines. Root cultures, cultivated in bioreactor gave 18.5 g l(-1) dry wt roots with the highest astragaloside production(More)
Saponins are widely distributed among plant kingdom and possess a wide range of pharmacological properties. Genus Astragalus is the largest in the Fabaceae family, comprising more than 2,200 species spread over the Globe. Astragalus species have been used in traditional medicine of many countries as well as in the modern one. The main use in the folk(More)
Callus and suspension cultures of Linum narbonense and Linum leonii were developed to study the production of lignans and their cytotoxic activity. Justicidin B was determined to be the main lignan. The maximal yield of justicidin B up to 2.22 mg/g of the cell dry weight was detected in the callus cultures of L. leonii, followed by the callus cultures of L.(More)
Callus and hairy root cultures of Linum leonii were established. The genetic transformation in hairy roots was proven by PCR analysis, which showed integration of rol A and rol C genes into the plant genome. Calli and hairy roots accumulate the arylnaphthalene lignan justicidin B as a major constituent. Hairy roots produce 5-fold higher yields of justicidin(More)
The aryltetralin lignans 6-methoxypodophyllotoxin, 5'-demethoxy-6-methoxypodophyllotoxin as well as the corresponding 8'-epimers 6-methoxypicropodophyllin, and 5'-demethoxy-6-methoxypicropodophyllin were isolated from suspension cultures of Linum cariense, and 4'-demethyl-6-methoxypodophyllotoxin together with 6-methoxypodophyllotoxin from plants of L.(More)
Crinum zeylanicum is used in folk medicine as a rubefacient in rheumatism, a treatment for malaria or as a poison. Complex alkaloid profiles in C. zeylanicum plant organs were revealed by GC-MS analysis, including several bioactive compounds. Crinine, lycorine, 11-O-acetoxyambelline, ambelline, 6-hydroxybuphanidrine and 6-ethoxybuphanidrine (an artefact of(More)
BACKGROUND Arylnaphthalene lignan Justicidin B is a lead compound in the management of bone cancer and osteoclastogenesis. The compound is the main cytotoxic principle of rare medicinal plant Linum narbonense L. (Linaceae). However, there have been no reports on the bioreactor production of justicidin B. OBJECTIVE to develop cost-effective biotechnology(More)
Justicidin B produced by genetically transformed cultures of Linum leonii was tested for cytotoxic activity and induction of apoptosis in MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 breast cancer derived cell lines. The tested lignan evoked strong, concentration dependent cytotoxicity in both cell lines, whereby MCF-7 proved to be far more sensitive as compared to MDA-MB-231. The(More)
Deoxypodophyllotoxin is stereoselectively converted into epipodophyllotoxin by recombinant human cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4). Further kinetic analysis revealed that the Michaelis-Menten K(m) and V(max) for hydroxylation of deoxypodophyllotoxin by CYP3A4 at C7 position were 1.93 microM and 1.48 nmol/min/nmol, respectively. Deoxypodophyllotoxin was subjected(More)