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Despite the lack of direct cytogenetic studies, the neuronal cells of the normal human brain have been postulated to contain normal (diploid) chromosomal complement. Direct proof of a chromosomal mutation presence leading to large-scale genomic alterations in neuronal cells has been missing in the human brain. Large-scale genomic variations due to(More)
OBJECTIVE Genetic instability manifested as loss or gain of whole chromosomes (aneuploidy) is a newly described feature of the human brain. Aneuploidy in the brain was hypothesized to be involved in schizophrenia pathogenesis. To gain further insights into the relationship between aneuploidy in the brain and schizophrenia pathogenesis, a(More)
A number of applied molecular cytogenetic studies require the quantitative assessment of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) signals (for example, interphase FISH analysis of aneuploidy by chromosome enumeration DNA probes; analysis of somatic pairing of homologous chromosomes in interphase nuclei; identification of chromosomal heteromorphism after(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding the mechanisms underlying generation of neuronal variability and complexity remains the central challenge for neuroscience. Structural variation in the neuronal genome is likely to be one important mechanism for neuronal diversity and brain diseases. Large-scale genomic variations due to loss or gain of whole chromosomes(More)
Numerical chromosomal imbalances are a common feature of spontaneous abortions. However, the incidence of mosaic forms of chromosomal abnormalities has not been evaluated. We have applied interphase multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization using original DNA probes for chromosomes 1, 9, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 21, 22, X, and Y to study chromosomal(More)
The analysis of non-disjunction of chromosome 21 and alphoid DNA variation by using cytogenetic and molecular cytogenetic techniques (quantitative fluorescence in situ hybridization) in 74 nuclear families was performed. The establishment of possible correlation between alphoid DNA variation, parental age, environmental effects, and non-disjunction of(More)
Rett syndrome (RS) is a progressive encephalopathy restricted to the female sex. In the present study we investigated 30 females and one male with RS by cytogenetic and molecular-cytogenetic methods. We failed to identify any chromosomal rearrangements within the female groups and no correlation between fra(X)(p22) and RS in either the female group or the(More)
A rapid fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) technique was used for direct chromosomal analysis on germ cells from an infertile male with large-headed spermatozoa. The interphase chromosomes were fluorescently-labelled using an extremely bright cyanine dye during a 5-15 min FISH procedure. Germ cells were analysed using a battery of chromosome-specific(More)
Autosomal monosomies in human are generally suggested to be incompatible with life; however, there is quite a number of cytogenetic reports describing full monosomy of one chromosome 21 in live born children. Here, we report a cytogenetically similar case associated with congenital malformation including mental retardation, motor development delay,(More)
Six metacentric non-satellite chromosome markers and 4 satellite markers of unknown origin were discovered by routine cytogenetic analysis. These markers were then investigated by isotopic and nonisotopic (FISH) in situ hybridization. In order to determine the origin of small marker chromosomes, a special protocol involving sequential application of defined(More)