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OBJECTIVE Genetic instability manifested as loss or gain of whole chromosomes (aneuploidy) is a newly described feature of the human brain. Aneuploidy in the brain was hypothesized to be involved in schizophrenia pathogenesis. To gain further insights into the relationship between aneuploidy in the brain and schizophrenia pathogenesis, a(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding the mechanisms underlying generation of neuronal variability and complexity remains the central challenge for neuroscience. Structural variation in the neuronal genome is likely to be one important mechanism for neuronal diversity and brain diseases. Large-scale genomic variations due to loss or gain of whole chromosomes(More)
Rett syndrome (RTT) is a severe neurodevelopmental disorder with an incidence of 2.5% in mentally retarded girls in Russia. We have performed cytogenetic studies of 60 patients (57 girls and three boys) with a clinical picture of RTT, selected according to the criteria for diagnosis of RTT defined by B. Hagberg et al. in 1996. Collection of DNA samples and(More)
Rett syndrome (RS) is a progressive encephalopathy restricted to the female sex. In the present study we investigated 30 females and one male with RS by cytogenetic and molecular-cytogenetic methods. We failed to identify any chromosomal rearrangements within the female groups and no correlation between fra(X)(p22) and RS in either the female group or the(More)
Differential replication staining using the 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine+Hoechst 33258 technique has been carried out on a series of 28 girls with Rett syndrome (RTT). The results indicated that regions Xq23 and Xq28 of inactive chromosome X could contain early replicating and, therefore, transcriptionally active loci in RTT. Interphase fluorescence in situ(More)
BACKGROUND Autosomal monosomies in human are generally suggested to be incompatible with life; however, there is quite a number of cytogenetic reports describing full monosomy of one chromosome 21 in live born children. Here, we report a cytogenetically similar case associated with congenital malformation including mental retardation, motor development(More)
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