Ilia G Denisov

Learn More
Using a recently described self-assembly process (Bayburt, T. H.; Grinkova, Y. V.; Sligar, S. G. Nano Letters 2002, 2, 853-856), we prepared soluble monodisperse discoidal lipid/protein particles with controlled size and composition, termed Nanodiscs, in which the fragment of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) bilayer is surrounded by a helical protein(More)
Self-assembled phospholipid bilayer Nanodiscs have become an important and versatile tool among model membrane systems to functionally reconstitute membrane proteins. Nanodiscs consist of lipid domains encased within an engineered derivative of apolipoprotein A-1 scaffold proteins, which can be tailored to yield homogeneous preparations of disks with(More)
Mechanistic studies of mammalian cytochrome P450s are often obscured by the phase heterogeneity of solubilized preparations of membrane enzymes. The various protein-protein aggregation states of microsomes, detergent solubilized cytochrome or a family of aqueous multimeric complexes can effect measured substrate binding events as well as subsequent steps in(More)
Understanding the detailed metabolic mechanisms of membrane-associated cytochromes P450 is often hampered by heterogeneity, ill-defined oligomeric state of the enzyme, and variation in the stoichiometry of the functional P450.reductase complexes in various reconstituted systems. Here, we describe the detailed characterization of a functionally homogeneous(More)
The superfamily of cytochrome P450s forms a large class of heme monooxygenases with more than 13,000 enzymes represented in organisms from all biological kingdoms. Despite impressive variability in sizes, sequences, location, and function, all cytochrome P450s from various organisms have very similar tertiary structures within the same fold. Here we show(More)
Nanodiscs are self-assembled discoidal fragments of lipid bilayers 8-16 nm in diameter, stabilized in solution by two amphipathic helical scaffold proteins. As stable and highly soluble membrane mimetics with controlled lipid composition and ability to add affinity tags to the scaffold protein, nanodiscs represent an attractive model system for(More)
Membrane proteins have long presented a challenge to biochemical and functional studies. In the absence of a bilayer environment, individual proteins and critical macromolecular complexes may be insoluble and may display altered or absent activities. Nanodisc technology provides important advantages for the isolation, purification, structural resolution and(More)
It is generally accepted that the inactive P420 form of cytochrome P450 (CYP) involves the protonation of the native cysteine thiolate to form a neutral thiol heme ligand. On the other hand, it has also been suggested that recruitment of a histidine to replace the native cysteine thiolate ligand might underlie the P450 → P420 transition. Here, we discuss(More)
Human steroid hormone biosynthesis is the result of a complex series of chemical transformations operating on cholesterol, with key steps mediated by members of the cytochrome P450 superfamily. In the formation of the male hormone dehydroepiandrosterone, pregnenolone is first hydroxylated by P450 CYP17A1 at the 17-carbon, followed a second round of(More)