Ilia Beberashvili

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Clinical outcomes in chronic dialysis patients are highly dependent on preservation of residual renal function (RRF). N-acetylcysteine (NAC) may have a positive effect on renal function in the setting of nephrotoxic contrast media administration. In our recent study, we showed that NAC may improve RRF in peritoneal dialysis patients. The aim of the present(More)
Interleukin-10 (IL-10), a cytokine with anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory functions, regulates the biology of B and T cells. The present review describes the role of IL-10 in normal renal physiology, during acute kidney injury and in the development of chronic renal failure. We further discuss IL-10-induced cellular and molecular pathways and their(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES This study aimed to compare the longitudinal performance of the malnutrition-inflammation score (MIS) and the geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI), two nutritional scores for patients on maintenance hemodialysis. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS Nutritional scores, dietary intake, biochemical markers, and body(More)
BACKGROUND Compensatory tubular cell hypertrophy following unilateral nephrectomy is a cell cycle-dependent process. Our previous study showed that treatment of unilaterally nephrectomized rats with the immunomodulator AS101 partially inhibits compensatory hypertrophy of the remaining kidneys through the inhibition of IL-10-induced TGF-beta secretion by(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of death in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular complications in these patients. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are an effective treatment for hypertension in patients with ESRD and are known to improve prognosis in patients(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The influence of serum IL-6 levels on nutritional status in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients remains to be elucidated. The present report describes a prospective longitudinal study of IL-6 levels and nutritional parameters to determine whether high IL-6 levels are independently associated with nutritional status over time in a(More)
BACKGROUND Preservation of peritoneal membrane function and residual renal function is important for the optimal care of peritoneal dialysis patients. N-Acetylcysteine may ameliorate oxidative stress, which is thought to be involved in peritoneal membrane dysfunction. In addition, N-acetylcysteine may have a positive effect on renal function in the setting(More)
The use of an arteriovenous graft as vascular access for hemodialysis is associated with a high rate of patency loss. The influence of timing of the first cannulation of the graft on graft survival has not been sufficiently studied. The purpose of this study was to investigate an association between the timing of the first cannulation of the(More)
Unilateral nephrectomy results in compensatory renal growth, in which both the size and the functional capacity of the remaining kidney are increased. The functional adaptation to the removal of the contralateral kidney consists mostly of an increase in the glomerular filtration rate of the remaining kidney, and hypertrophy of cells comprising the nephron,(More)
BACKGROUND The influence of serum leptin levels on nutritional status and survival in chronic hemodialysis patients remained to be elucidated. We conducted a prospective longitudinal study of leptin levels and nutritional parameters to determine whether changes of serum leptin levels modify nutritional status and survival in a cohort of prevalent(More)