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The chemical alpha-asarone is an important active substance of the Acori graminei rhizome (AGR). It has pharmacological effects that include antihyperlipidemic, antiinflammatory, and antioxidant activity. Our aim was to study the effects alpha-asarone on nitric oxide (NO) levels in the hippocampus and temporal cortex of the rat after injection of the(More)
Several studies in rodents have shown that dysfunctions of the thalamic reticular nucleus (TRN) result in deficits of sensory gating and attentional processes, two core features of schizophrenia. TRN receives inputs from the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and hippocampal formation, two structures which send excitatory projections to the nucleus accumbens (NAcc)(More)
beta-Amyloid plays an important role in the neurodegeneration process of Alzheimer's disease (AD), but its neurotoxic mechanisms are not clear. It has been associated with the increase of oxidative stress and cognitive impairment because the beta-amyloid peptide 25-35 (Abeta((25-35))) has the critical neurotoxic properties of the full-length Abeta(1-42).(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the amyloid-beta (Abeta) aggregation but it is unclear when this process begins. Previously, we showed that amyloid-beta(25-35) (Abeta(25-35)) increases the nitric oxide (NO) pathways and causes neurodegenerative effects in rats. The excessive increase of NO during brain development can promote a persistent(More)
There is evidence to support that an impaired energy metabolism and the excessive generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) contribute to brain injury in neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson's disease (PD), whereas diets enriched in foods with an antioxidant action may modulate its progression. Several studies have proved that the antioxidant(More)
The Aβ(25-35) fraction mimics the toxic effects of the complete peptide Aβ(1-42) because this decapeptide is able to cause memory impairment and neurodegenerative events. Recent evidence has shown that the injection of Aβ(25-35) into the temporal cortex (TCx) of the rat increases the nitric oxide (NO) pathways with several consequences, such as neuronal(More)
We have previously shown that the intrastriatal injection of the C-terminal domain of tetanus toxin (Hc-TeTx) protects the nigrostriatal-dopaminergic pathways and improves motor behavior in hemiparkinsonism-rat models caused by MPP(+) (1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium). Here we have investigated the protective effects of the intramuscular application of the(More)
The recombinant C-terminal domain of tetanus toxin (Hc-TeTx) is a new non-toxic peptide of the tetanus toxin that exerts a protective action against glutamate excitotoxicity in motoneurons. Moreover, its efficacy as a neuroprotective agent has been demonstrated in several animal models of neurodegeneration. The eleven amino acids in the β amyloid peptide(More)
Recently it has been shown that the C-terminus fragment of the tetanus toxin (Hc-TeTx) is transported retrogradely and had shown neuroprotective effects, preventing neuronal death by apoptosis. This could be a new alternative preventing ongoing cell death and restoring the motor function in Parkinson's disease (PD), which is characterized by dopaminergic(More)
Sialic acid in glycoconjugates participates in important cellular functions associated with normal development, growth, and communication. Therefore we evaluated the sialylation pattern and memory deficits caused by the injection of Aβ((25-35)) into the hippocampus (Hp) of rats. The eight-arm maze spatial-learning and memory test indicated that the(More)