Ileok Jung

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We report a case study of mitochondrial encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episode (MELAS) syndrome with presentation of headache and prolonged visual aura. Mitochondrial encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and strokelike episode syndrome is one of the most commonly recognized mitochondrial diseases. It is characterized by lactic acidosis, the(More)
BACKGROUND Structural anomaly of the cervical spine or craniocervical junction has been reported as one of the rare causes of ischemic stroke. We report a case of a young patient with recurrent posterior circulation infarction that may have been associated with an anomalous occipital bony process compressing the vertebral artery. CASE PRESENTATION A(More)
Acute dizziness/vertigo is among the most common causes for visiting the emergency department. The traditional approach to dizziness starts with categorizing dizziness into four types: vertigo, presyncope, disequilibrium, and nonspecific dizziness. However, a recently proposed approach begins with classifying dizziness/vertigo as acute prolonged spontaneous(More)
Studying eye movements and vestibular function would provide insights into brain networks that are vulnerable in mitochondrial disorders. We sought eye movement and vestibular abnormalities in three Korean patients with a mitochondrial A3243G point mutation. The patients suffered from vertigo and imbalance during the stroke-like and seizure episodes from(More)
Even though dizziness is a common symptom of heat illness, comprehensive evaluation of the vestibular function has not been available in this potentially life-threatening disorder. Three patients developed vertigo about a week after heat exposure. Evaluation showed bilateral impairments of the vestibulo-ocular reflex during head impulses and the signs of(More)
Episodic ataxia (EA) is a rare neurological condition characterized by recurrent spells of truncal ataxia and incoordination. Five genes (KCNA1, CACNA1A, CACNB4, SLC1A3, and UBR4) have been linked to EA. Despite extensive efforts to genetically diagnose EA, many patients remain still undiagnosed. Whole-exome sequencing was carried out in 39 Korean patients(More)
Differentiating central from peripheral origins of vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) lesions can be challenging. A 36-year old man presented with a 1-year history of progressive unsteadiness. The video-Head Impulse Test revealed a significantly reduced VOR gain in both horizontal and posterior canals (0.49 ± 0.05 and 0.38 ± 0.06) but normal VOR responses in(More)
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