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The purpose of this report is to provide revised standards and guidelines for the exercise testing and training of individuals who are free from clinical manifestations of cardiovascular disease and those with known cardiovascular disease. These guidelines are intended for physicians, nurses, exercise physiologists, specialists, technologists, and other(More)
Theresa M. Beckie, PhD; Cheryl Bushnell, MD, MHS, FAHA; Jeanine D’Armiento, MD, PhD; Penny M. Kris-Etherton, PhD, RD; Jing Fang, MD, MS; Theodore G. Ganiats, MD; Antoinette S. Gomes, MD; Clarisa R. Gracia, MD, MSCE; Constance K. Haan, MD, MS; Elizabeth A. Jackson, MD, MPH; Debra R. Judelson, MD; Ellie Kelepouris, MD, FAHA; Carl J. Lavie, MD; Anne Moore,(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this statement is to summarize data on stroke risk factors that are unique to and more common in women than men and to expand on the data provided in prior stroke guidelines and cardiovascular prevention guidelines for women. This guideline focuses on the risk factors unique to women, such as reproductive factors, and those that are more(More)
BACKGROUND Although monitoring the clinical status of patients with heart failure rests at the core of clinical medicine, the ability of different techniques to reflect clinical change has not been evaluated. This study sought to describe changes in various measures of disease status associated with gradations of clinical change. METHODS A prospective,(More)
CONTEXT Guidelines recommend that exercise training be considered for medically stable outpatients with heart failure. Previous studies have not had adequate statistical power to measure the effects of exercise training on clinical outcomes. OBJECTIVE To test the efficacy and safety of exercise training among patients with heart failure. DESIGN,(More)
BACKGROUND Galectin-3 is a soluble ß-galactoside-binding lectin released by activated cardiac macrophages. Elevated levels of galectin-3 have been found to be associated with adverse outcomes in patients with heart failure. We evaluated the association between galectin-3 and long-term clinical outcomes in ambulatory heart failure patients enrolled in the(More)
Afundamental requirement for many of the activities of daily living is the ability to perform predominantly aerobic, ie, oxygen-using, work. Such activities require the integrated efforts of the heart, lungs, and circulation to deliver oxygen to the metabolically active muscle mass. Thus, the assessment of functional or aerobic exercise time or peak oxygen(More)