Ileana Paul

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Within the Austronesian family, many languages are classified as ergative (e.g., Samoan) or as having some ergative properties (e.g., Tagalog). For one particular language to exhibit some but not all of the characteristics of ergativity is problematic for an ergativity macroparameter. The same issue arises when looking at these languages from an accusative(More)
Cross-linguistically, definiteness is signalled in a variety of ways besides articles. For example, definiteness may be signalled by the syntactic position, grammatical role, and/or the case marking of the NP. Characterizing the link between these morphosyntactic factors and the definiteness of an NP has been a persistant issue for both syntacticians and(More)
The goal of this paper is to explore how Malagasy can have sluicing without whmovement. The paper is organized as follows: Section 2 presents some basic facts about Malagasy word order. Section 3 turns to question formation in Malagasy and provides evidence that Malagasy is in fact a wh-in-situ language. This observation is not uncontroversial because(More)
This paper explores the distribution of Free Choice Items (FCI) and Negative Polarity Items (NPI) in Malagasy. Both FCIs and NPIs in Malagasy are syntactically complex: they are expressed by disjunctions of wh-words. It is shown that this morphosyntactic structure directly reflects their semantics. In other words, FCIs and NPIs are semantically as well as(More)
The examples in (1) show that Malagasy uses the same item for both FCIs and NPIs. This overlap is not unusual – consider English any (see Haspelmath 1997 for several other examples). What is striking about the Malagasy data, however, is that FCIs and NPIs are made up of a wh-element (e.g. inona ‘what’) and the disjunctive morpheme na. Thus the Malagasy(More)
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