Ildy M. Katona

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Several specific conclusions can be drawn from these studies: 1. IL-4 is required for the generation of both primary polyclonal and secondary antigen-specific IgE responses in vivo. 2. IL-4 is required to maintain established, ongoing, antigen-specific and polyclonal IgE responses. 3. Most, but not all, polyclonal IgE production during a secondary immune(More)
Parasitic helminths typically induce components of immediate-type hypersensitivity, including elevated serum IgE, eosinophilia, and mucosal mast cells. These responses are T-cell-dependent and associated with rapid expulsion of parasitic worms from a sensitized host; existing experimental systems have failed to define the precise role of cytokines in these(More)
The lymphokine IFN-gamma has been shown in vitro to stimulate IgG2a secretion and inhibit IgG1 and IgE secretion by LPS-activated B lymphocytes. To determine whether IFN-gamma has a similar isotype regulatory role in vivo, we studied the abilities of rIFN-gamma and a mAb to IFN-gamma to modify the isotypes of Ig secreted in mice injected with a goat(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the measurement characteristics of the Childhood Myositis Assessment Scale (CMAS) in children with juvenile idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (juvenile IIM), and to obtain preliminary data on the clinical significance of CMAS scores. METHODS One hundred eight children with juvenile IIM were evaluated on 2 occasions, 7-9 months apart,(More)
Antigens and infectious agents that stimulate interferon alpha(IFN-alpha) production in mice induce antibody responses that are predominantly of the immunoglobulin (Ig)G2a isotype and contain little or no IgE. This suggested the possibility that IFN-alpha might have a role in directing Ig isotype selection. Consistent with this possibility, we have found(More)
Anti-cytokine antibodies that block interactions between cytokines and cytokine receptors have been used to inhibit endogenous cytokine function. However, injection of mice with mixtures of IL-4 and either of two neutralizing anti-IL-4 mAb, at a cytokine/anti-cytokine mAb molar ratio of approximately 2:1, enhances and prolongs in vivo IL-4 activity, as(More)
Oral inoculation of BALB/c mice with infective larvae of Heligmosomoides polygyrus resulted in chronic infection characterized by the release of parasite eggs in the feces for several months. The actual number of eggs per gram of feces was dependent on the dose of the inoculum. Serum IgE in infected mice peaked at a level of greater than 70 micrograms/ml(More)
Rodents infected with the nematode parasite Nippostrongylus brasiliensis (Nb) develop intestinal mastocytosis, eosinophilia, and elevated serum IgE levels. Although IL-4 and IL-5 are necessary for stimulation of IgE synthesis and eosinophilia, respectively, the cytokines that regulate gut mast cell hyperplasia have not been identified. To address this(More)