Ildiko Aponyi

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Microbial cells under growth-limiting stress can generate mutations by mechanisms distinct from those in rapidly growing cells. These mechanisms might be specific stress responses that increase mutation rates, potentially altering rates of evolution, or might reflect non-stress-specific processes in rare growing cells. In an Escherichia coli model system,(More)
Sjögren's syndrome is a systemic disorder with unknown etiology, displaying many signs of autoimmunity. Although the basic mechanism of this disease is unknown, a defect in somatic mutagenesis of antibody genes has been suggested. Using a shuttle vector plasmid, we here show that the number of vectors with multiple base changes in a marker gene was reduced(More)
Single-strand-dependent DNA exonucleases play important roles in DNA repair and recombination in all organisms. In Escherichia coli the redundant functions provided by the RecJ, ExoI, ExoVII and ExoX exonucleases are required for mismatch repair, UV resistance and homologous recombination. We have examined whether the xni gene product, the single-strand(More)
Mechanisms of mutagenesis activated by stress responses drive pathogen/host adaptation, antibiotic and anti-fungal-drug resistance, and perhaps much of evolution generally. In Escherichia coli, repair of double-strand breaks (DSBs) by homologous recombination is high fidelity in unstressed cells, but switches to a mutagenic mode using error-prone DNA(More)
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