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A population genetic analysis of gene flow was conducted among 10 Aedes aegypti collections from seven cities along the northeastern coast of Mexico. Four collections were made from Monterrey to examine local patterns of gene flow. Markers included 60 random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) loci amplified by the polymerase chain reaction and single strand(More)
An electrophoretic survey of 42 populations of Anopheles pseudopunctipennis collected throughout its known geographic distribution was performed to clarify the taxonomic status of this important malaria vector species. The results indicated strong differences in the allele frequencies of three enzyme loci (glycerol dehydrogenase, 6-phosphogluconate(More)
A newly designed sticky ovitrap was used to determine the dispersal flight of the dengue vector Aedes aegypti in northeastern Mexico. Unfed marked females were released in the field where 100 sticky ovitraps had been positioned within a circular area 300 m in diameter. Success of this method was represented by a 7.7% (31 of 401) recapture rate during a(More)
Pyrethroids are commonly used as mosquito adulticides and evolution of resistance to these compounds is a major threat to public health. 'Knockdown resistance' to pyrethroids (kdr) is frequently caused by nonsynonymous mutations in the voltage-gated sodium channel transmembrane protein (para) that reduce pyrethroid binding. Early detection of kdr is(More)
Invertebrate iridescent viruses (Iridoviridae) possess a highly cytotoxic protein. In mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae), invertebrate iridescent virus 6 (IIV-6) usually causes covert (inapparent) infection that reduces fitness. To determine whether sublethal effects of IIV-6 are principally due to cytotoxicity of the viral inoculum (which inhibits(More)
Field trials of the predacious copepod Mesocyclops longisetus Thiubaud were conducted in northeastern Mexico to determine the effectiveness of this species to control larval Aedes aegypti (L.) populations and to survive and reproduce in nature. Groups of 200, 50, and 50 ovigerous M. longisetus females were inoculated into 200-liter metal drums, discarded(More)
Human bait catches were carried out from 5 through 27 March 1994 in an endemic focus of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the state of Campeche, Mexico. Females of Lutzomyia cruciata (Coquillet) were dissected and 67% were parous. The number of total and parous females collected per day was analyzed by time series, but neither the gonotrophic cycle length nor(More)
Studies of host selection patterns of Anopheles pseudopunctipennis were conducted in villages in foothills near Tapachula, Mexico. Based on 2 years of collections, 53.8 and 86.1% of all engorged females resting inside houses were found to contain human blood. Estimates of weighted and unweighted human blood indices, including data from outdoor resting(More)
Mark-release-recapture experiments were conducted to determine the length of the gonotrophic cycle and survivorship of Anopheles pseudopunctipennis Theobald in the Tapachula foothills of southern Mexico. Separate trials with wild-caught females were conducted in the early and late dry season to examine intraseasonal differences. The gonotrophic cycle of(More)