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BACKGROUND Increased oxidative stress is thought to play a role in the pathogenesis of the atherothrombotic process. Paraoxonases (PONs) are closely related antioxidant enzymes encoded by clustered genes on chromosome 7q. We evaluated three PON polymorphisms (PON1 Leu55Met and Gln192Arg; PON2 Ser311Cys) as possible risk factors for coronary atherosclerotic(More)
1 T he metabolic syndrome, clinically defined by the Adult Treatment Panel III (ATPIII) (1), affects ϳ25% of western adults (2). The metabolic syndrome is closely linked to insulin resist a n c e a n d i m p l i e s a n i n c r e a s e d cardiovascular risk (3,4). Accumulating evidence suggests a link between body iron excess and insulin metabolism (5).(More)
The enzyme serum paraoxonase plays an important role in antioxidant defences and prevention of atherosclerosis. Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a clinical condition associated with increased oxidant stress and cardiovascular mortality. Two common polymorphisms of serum paraoxonase, PON1 Leu(55)Met and Gln(192)Arg, have been postulated to modulate the(More)
INTRODUCTION Insufficient production of hepcidin, the master regulator of iron metabolism, is recognized as the key pathogenetic feature of HFE-related hereditary hemochromatosis (HH). There is a growing interest in measuring the hepcidin levels, which may improve the diagnosis, prognostic evaluation and clinical management of HH. Nevertheless, few(More)
BACKGROUND Serum paraoxonase (PON1) exerts antiatherogenic effects. Novel PON1 enzymatic tests have been recently developed: 5-thiobutyl butyrolactone (TBBL) estimates PON1 lactonase activity, whereas 7-O-diethylphosphoryl-3-cyano-4-methyl-7-hydroxycoumarin (DEPCyMC) is considered a surrogate marker of PON1 concentration. The TBBL to DEPCyMC ratio provides(More)
BACKGROUND The independent prognostic impact, as well as the possible causal role, of hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) in coronary artery disease (CAD) is controversial. No previous study specifically has addressed the relationship between HHcy and mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prognostic(More)
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