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Gallbladder adenocarcinomas from patients in two high-prevalence areas, Niigata (Japan) and Santiago (Chile), were analyzed for acquired mutations in exons 5-8 of the p53 tumor suppressor gene, and the characteristics of p53 alterations in the two groups were compared. Of 42 tumors, 22 (52.4%) harbored 25 alterations identified by PCR amplification and(More)
Telbivudine, a nucleoside analog inhibitor of the viral polymerase of hepatitis B virus (HBV), has been approved for the treatment of chronic HBV infection, along with the nucleoside inhibitors lamivudine and entecavir, and the nucleotide inhibitors adefovir and tenofovir. The resistance profiles of these agents were investigated via drug treatment of HepG2(More)
Acute administration of CDP-choline (i.p. 100 mg/Kg b.w.), 10 min before the intraventricular injection of labeled precursors, [2-3H] glycerol and [1-14C]-palmitate, was able to correct the impairment caused by hypoxic treatment of lipid metabolism in some brain regions, ie, cerebral hemispheres, cerebellum, and brainstem. After CDP-choline treatment, an(More)
The effect of CDP-choline on the in vivo incorporation of labeled precursors into DNA, RNA, and proteins in cerebral hemispheres, cerebellum, and brainstem of guinea pigs after hypoxic treatment was studied. The labeling of macromolecules extracted from the various subcellular fractions of these brain regions was also determined. Hypoxic treatment affected(More)
The effect of propylthiouracil-induced neonatal hypothyroidism on some aspects of the biogenesis of free (non-synaptosomal) mitochondria in the cerebral hemispheres and in the cerebellum of developing rat has been studied. The results obtained show that in hypothyroid rats mitochondrial DNA synthesis is delayed, mitochondrial RNA synthesis is not affected(More)
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) nonstructural 5A (NS5A) protein is a clinically validated target for drugs designed to treat chronic HCV infection. This study evaluated the in vitro activity, selectivity, and resistance profile of a novel anti-HCV compound, samatasvir (IDX719), alone and in combination with other antiviral agents. Samatasvir was effective and(More)
The effect of undernutrition on the activity of two key enzymes for DNA synthesis, namely DNA polymerase and thymidine kinase, in developing rat brain has been investigated. Both enzymatic activities in cerebral hemispheres and in brain stem are lower in undernourished animals than in controls at the 5th day after birth; successively, from 5 to 30 days,(More)
Uridine phosphorylase (UP), a key enzyme in the pyrimidine salvage pathway, catalyzes the reversible phosphorolysis of uridine or 2'-deoxyuridine to uracil and ribose 1-phosphate or 2'-deoxyribose 1-phosphate. This enzyme belongs to the nucleoside phosphorylase I superfamily whose members show diverse specificity for nucleoside substrates. Phylogenetic(More)
DNA synthesis in nuclei and mitochondria purified from serum-supplemented rat glial cell cultures at different days after plating was studied. Furthermore in mitochondria, some enzymatic activities related to energy transduction (citrate synthase, malate dehydrogenase, total NADH-cytochrome c reductase, cytochrome oxidase and glutamate dehydrogenase) were(More)
The processes of acetylation and phosphorylation of histones and nonhistone proteins (NHPs) in neuronal and glial nuclei purified from cerebral hemispheres of rats at 1, 10, and 30 days of age were investigated. Purified neuronal and glial nuclei were incubated in the presence of [3H]acetyl-CoA and of [gamma-32P]ATP. Histones and NHPs were extracted and(More)