Ilaria Quatrini

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For patients presenting with acute dyspnea, an incorrect diagnosis could increase the mortality risk. When used in the evaluation of patients with acute symptoms, brain natriuretic peptide and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (BNP and NT-proBNP, respectively) testing is highly sensitive for the diagnosis or exclusion of acute or chronic(More)
BACKGROUND Depressed circumferential midwall performance and impaired left ventricular (LV) longitudinal function are both early markers of LV systolic dysfunction in patients with hypertension. The relation between midwall and longitudinal indices in these patients has never been analyzed. METHODS In 126 patients with hypertension, midwall fractional(More)
Carvedilol treatment in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients has been demonstrated to reduce mortality by improving cardiac systolic function and reducing left ventricular adverse remodeling. However, the effects of the drug on left ventricular (LV) filling are less studied. In this study we evaluated early and long-term diastolic cardiac modifications by(More)
We evaluated the circulating levels of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in stable angina, unstable angina, and myocardial infarction relating hormone levels to extension of coronary disease and number of vessels involved after angiographic examination. We studied 86 patients consecutively undergoing angiographic coronary examination and echocardiographic(More)
Anemia in heart failure is related to advanced New York Heart Association classes, severe systolic dysfunction, and reduced exercise tolerance. Although anemia is frequently found in congestive heart failure (CHF), little is known about the effect of its' correction with erythropoietin (EPO) on cardiac structure and function. The present study examines, in(More)
Elevated plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels have been described in patients with acute myocardial infarction and left ventricular dysfunction. The aim of the present study was to evaluate circulating BNP levels in patients with coronary artery disease without ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction and preserved systolic function and to(More)
BACKGROUND Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is considered a manifestation of atherosclerosis, however there are epidemiologic, biochemical, and structural differences between occlusive atherosclerosis and AAA. The pathogenesis of AAA involves several factors, first of all destruction of collagen and elastin in the aortic wall. Classical risk factors may(More)
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a cardiovascular complication highly prevalent in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease. LVH in CKD patients has generally a negative prognostic value, because it represents an independent risk factor for the development of arrhythmias, sudden death, heart failure and ischemic heart(More)
BACKGROUND To analyse osteoprotegerin (OPG), and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels in patients with non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS), in relation to clinical presentation and to coronary atherosclerosis diffusion. OPG has been found in several tissues, including the cardiovascular system, BNP is selectively produced by myocardial(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary artery fistulas are rare congenital or acquired coronary artery anomalies that can originate from any of the three major coronary arteries and drain in all the cardiac chambers and great vessels. CASE PRESENTATION An 11-year-old boy was referred for evaluation of an exertional dyspnoea. He reported recent history of few episodes of(More)