Ilaria Fiorentino

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BACKGROUND Human urotensin II is an 11-aminoacid peptide with a controversial role in the human cardiovascular system. Indeed, urotensin effects on vascular reactivity and in heart failure are well documented, while its potential role in the pathophysiology of athero-thrombosis is still unknown. This study investigates the effects of urotensin on tissue(More)
BACKGROUND The sensitivity of human oocytes to cryodamage may compromise their developmental competence following cryopreservation. Herein, we compared the ultrastructure and the response to the calcium (Ca²⁺) ionophore A23187 of fresh, slow-frozen and vitrified metaphase II (MII) human oocytes. METHODS Supernumerary fresh MII oocytes, donated under(More)
BACKGROUND Spermatozoa are extremely vulnerable to oxidative stress caused by the unbalance between concentrations of reactive oxygen species and antioxidant scavenging systems present inside the male reproductive tract. In spite of a large number of clinical studies that claimed the beneficial effects of antioxidant oral administration on sperm physiology(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammation plays a pivotal role in atherothrombosis. Recent data indicate that serum levels of neopterin, a marker of inflammation and immune modulator secreted by monocytes/macrophages, are elevated in patients with acute coronary syndromes and seem to be a prognostic marker for major cardiovascular events. The aim of the present study was to(More)
In human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells, hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2), 200μM) rapidly (< 5 min) induced autophagy, as shown by processing and vacuolar relocation of light chain 3(LC3). Accumulation of autophagosome peaked at 30 min of H(2)O(2) exposure. The continuous presence of H(2)O(2) eventually (at > 60 min) caused autophagy-dependent annexin V-positive(More)
Different in vitro models have been developed to study the interaction of gametes and embryos with the maternal tract. In cattle, the interaction of the oviduct with gametes and embryos have been classically studied using oviductal explants or monolayers (OMs). Explants are well differentiated but have to be used within 24 h after collection, whereas OMs(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are physiologically generated during mitochondrial respiration and are involved in several signaling mechanisms. However, under pathological conditions, the concentration of ROS may exceed the antioxidant scavenging systems and subsequently lead to cell damage. High ROS levels have been proven to be detrimental to spermatozoa(More)
Nanoparticle (NPs) delivery systems in vivo promises to overcome many obstacles associated with the administration of drugs, vaccines, plasmid DNA and RNA materials, making the study of their cellular uptake a central issue in nanomedicine. The uptake of NPs may be influenced by the cell culture stage and the NPs physical-chemical properties. So far,(More)
A pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the presence within neurons and the interneuronal space of aggregates of β-amyloid (Aβ) peptides that originate from an abnormal proteolytic processing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP). The aspartyl proteases that initiate this processing act in the Golgi and endosomal compartments. Here, we show(More)
Ovarian tissue cryopreservation is a promising technique for fertility preservation in young female cancer patients and efforts have been made to improve its effectiveness. During cooling and thawing, sodium ions significantly contribute to the 'solute effect' that plays a major role in disrupting cell membranes. Choline ions, which do not cross the cell(More)