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Using a competitive reconstitution assay, we measured the free energy spent in nucleosome formation of eight telomeric DNAs, differing in sequence and/or in length. The obtained values are in satisfactorily good agreement with those derived from a theoretical model that allows the calculation of the free energy of nucleosome formation on the basis of(More)
Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy or prion diseases are fatal neurodegenerative disorders characterized by the conversion of the cellular prion protein (PrPC) into the infectious scrapie isoform (PrPSc). We have recently demonstrated that anti-prion intrabodies targeted to the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum provide a simple and effective means to(More)
Lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1), encoded by the OLR1 gene, is a scavenger receptor that plays a central role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. We have recently identified a truncated naturally occurring variant of the human receptor LOX-1, named LOXIN, which lacks part of the C-terminus lectin-like domain. In vivo and(More)
The human lectin-like oxidized low density lipoprotein receptor 1 LOX-1, encoded by the ORL1 gene, is the major scavenger receptor for oxidized low density lipoprotein in endothelial cells. Here we report on the functional effects of a coding SNP, c.501G>C, which produces a single amino acid change (K>N at codon 167). Our study was aimed at elucidating(More)
The identification of molecules responsible for apoptotic cell (AC) uptake by dendritic cells (DCs) and induction of T-cell immunity against AC-associated antigens is a challenge in immunology. DCs differentiated in the presence of interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha-conditioned DCs) exhibit a marked phagocytic activity and a special attitude in inducing CD8(+)(More)
Autosomal recessive mandibuloacral dysplasia [mandibuloacral dysplasia type A (MADA); Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) no. 248370] is caused by a mutation in LMNA encoding lamin A/C. Here we show that this mutation causes accumulation of the lamin A precursor protein, a marked alteration of the nuclear architecture and, hence, chromatin(More)
The conversion of the normal cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) into the abnormal scrapie isoform (PrP(Sc)) is a key feature of prion diseases. The pathogenic mechanisms and the subcellular sites of the conversion are complex and not completely understood. In particular, little is known on the role of the early compartment of the secretory pathway in the(More)
Lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1), encoded by the OLR1 gene, is a scavenger receptor that plays a fundamental role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. LOX-1 activation is associated with apoptosis of endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells (SMCs), and macrophages. This process is an important underlying mechanism that(More)
The microtubule associated protein tau plays a crucial role in Alzheimer's disease and in many neurodegenerative disorders collectively known as tauopathies. Recently, tau pathology has been also documented in prion diseases although the possible molecular events linking these two proteins are still unknown. We have investigated the fate of normal cellular(More)
Conversion of the cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) into the abnormal scrapie isoform (PrP(Sc)) is the hallmark of prion diseases, which are fatal and transmissible neurodegenerative disorders. ER-retained anti-prion recombinant single-chain Fv fragments have been proved to be an effective tool for inhibition of PrP(C) trafficking to the cell surface and(More)