Ilaria Cavallari

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Human T-cell leukemia virus type-1 (HTLV-1) expresses an 87-amino acid protein named p13 that is targeted to the inner mitochondrial membrane. Previous studies showed that a synthetic peptide spanning an alpha helical domain of p13 alters mitochondrial membrane permeability to cations, resulting in swelling. The present study examined the effects of(More)
Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 encodes a number of "accessory" proteins of unclear function; one of these proteins, p13(II), is targeted to mitochondria and disrupts mitochondrial morphology. The present study was undertaken to unravel the function of p13(II) through (i) determination of its submitochondrial localization and sequences required to alter(More)
Human T cell leukemia virus type 1 encodes an "accessory" protein named p13(II) that is targeted to mitochondria and triggers a rapid flux of K(+) and Ca(2+) across the inner membrane. In this study, we investigated the effects of p13(II) on tumorigenicity in vivo and on cell growth in vitro. Results showed that p13(II) significantly reduced the incidence(More)
The present study investigated the function of p13, a mitochondrial protein of human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1). Although necessary for viral propagation in vivo, the mechanism of function of p13 is incompletely understood. Drawing from studies in isolated mitochondria, we analyzed the effects of p13 on mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS)(More)
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is a hereditary syndrome linked to mutations in the MEN1 gene, which encodes a 610-amino-acid nuclear protein termed menin. Because of the lack of a suitable detection protocol, the in situ expression pattern of menin in human tissues remains to be determined. In this study, we have developed an antimenin(More)
Human T cell leukemia virus types 1 and 2 (HTLV-1 and HTLV-2) are genetically related complex retroviruses that are capable of immortalizing human T-cells in vitro and establish life-long persistent infections in vivo. In spite of these apparent similarities, HTLV-1 and HTLV-2 exhibit a significantly different pathogenic potential. HTLV-1 is recognized as(More)
Loss of menin, a tumor suppressor coded by the MEN1 gene, is a key factor in the pathogenesis of multiple endocrine neoplasia type I and in a percentage of sporadic endocrine tumors of the pancreas and parathyroid glands. This study investigated expression of the menin protein in the normal exocrine pancreas and in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC),(More)
Pituitary adenomas represent one of the key features of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1. The gene involved in this syndrome (MEN1) is a putative tumor suppressor, that codes for a 610-amino acid nuclear protein termed 'menin'. Analyses of sporadic pituitary adenomas have so far failed to reveal MEN1 mutations or defects in MEN1 transcription in these(More)
Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) codes for 9 alternatively spliced transcripts and 2 major regulatory proteins named Tax and Rex that function at the transcriptional and posttranscriptional levels, respectively. We investigated the temporal sequence of HTLV-1 gene expression in primary cells from infected patients using splice site-specific(More)
The impact of chronic kidney disease (CKD) on residual platelet reactivity (PR) in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is still debatable. We sought to investigate the interaction between PR and renal function and the related clinical outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease treated with PCI. Immediately before PCI, we(More)