Ilan Tur-Kaspa

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Pyridostigmine, a carbamate acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor, is routinely employed in the treatment of the autoimmune disease myasthenia gravis. Pyridostigmine is also recommended by most Western armies for use as pretreatment under threat of chemical warfare, because of its protective effect against organophosphate poisoning. Because of this drug's(More)
In humans, only a small fraction (2-12%) of a sperm population can respond by chemoattraction to follicular factors. This recent finding led to the hypothesis that chemotaxis provides a mechanism for selective recruitment of functionally mature spermatozoa (i.e., of capacitated spermatozoa, which possess the potential to undergo the acrosome reaction and(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of multiple gestation after therapy for infertility is especially high among women in whom ovulation is induced with gonadotropins. Whether the number of high-order multiple pregnancies (those with three or more fetuses) can be reduced is not known. METHODS We analyzed data on 3347 consecutive treatment cycles in 1494 infertile(More)
Hypersensitivity to acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (anti-AChEs) causes severe nervous system symptoms under low dose exposure. In search of direct genetic origin(s) for this sensitivity, we studied six regions in the extended 22 kb promoter of the ACHE gene in individuals who presented adverse responses to anti-AChEs and in randomly chosen controls. Two(More)
The clinical impact of PGD was evaluated through the analysis of the reproductive outcome before and after PGD in the same group of poor prognosis IVF patients, undergoing PGD for chromosomal abnormalities. Based on a series of 2359 PGD cycles, resulting in the establishment of 498 chromosomal abnormality-free clinical pregnancies, the reproductive history(More)
In order to assist the medical team in the decision-making process and in adequate counselling of patients when encountering technical difficulties at the time of embryo transfer, we investigated the effect of difficult embryo transfer, with or without the need for cervical dilatation or repeated sequential attempts because of retained embryos in the(More)
The acrosome reaction (AR) - an essential step in mammalian fertilization - can occur, according to the consensus, only in capacitated spermatozoa. In apparent contrast, recent reports have demonstrated that human spermatozoa incubated in vitro in an albumin-free medium and therefore believed to be non-capacitated, do undergo the AR. With the aim of(More)
In species with external fertilization, the guanylate cyclase family is responsible for the long-distance interaction between gametes, as its activation allows sperm chemotaxis toward egg-derived substances, gamete encounter, and fertilization. In species with internal fertilization, guanylate cyclase-activating substances, which are secreted by several(More)
Human spermatozoa accumulate in vitro in diluted follicular fluids obtained from follicles from which the eggs have been fertilized. Using capillary assays under a variety of experimental conditions (ascending or descending gradients of follicular fluid, or no gradient at all) and microscopic assays in which individual spermatozoa could be followed, we(More)