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Pyridostigmine, a carbamate acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor, is routinely employed in the treatment of the autoimmune disease myasthenia gravis. Pyridostigmine is also recommended by most Western armies for use as pretreatment under threat of chemical warfare, because of its protective effect against organophosphate poisoning. Because of this drug's(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of multiple gestation after therapy for infertility is especially high among women in whom ovulation is induced with gonadotropins. Whether the number of high-order multiple pregnancies (those with three or more fetuses) can be reduced is not known. METHODS We analyzed data on 3347 consecutive treatment cycles in 1494 infertile(More)
In humans, only a small fraction (2-12%) of a sperm population can respond by chemoattraction to follicular factors. This recent finding led to the hypothesis that chemotaxis provides a mechanism for selective recruitment of functionally mature spermatozoa (i.e., of capacitated spermatozoa, which possess the potential to undergo the acrosome reaction and(More)
The acrosome reaction (AR) - an essential step in mammalian fertilization - can occur, according to the consensus, only in capacitated spermatozoa. In apparent contrast, recent reports have demonstrated that human spermatozoa incubated in vitro in an albumin-free medium and therefore believed to be non-capacitated, do undergo the AR. With the aim of(More)
Leukocytosis was postulated to accompany short- and medium-length exercise; in this report, we have studied the changes in leukocyte count during and following prolonged exercise. White blood cell (WBC) counts were obtained in 15 endurance-trained subjects before, during, and at a recovery period after an ultralong exercise (120 km march), lasting 24 h. WBC(More)
The clinical impact of PGD was evaluated through the analysis of the reproductive outcome before and after PGD in the same group of poor prognosis IVF patients, undergoing PGD for chromosomal abnormalities. Based on a series of 2359 PGD cycles, resulting in the establishment of 498 chromosomal abnormality-free clinical pregnancies, the reproductive history(More)
BACKGROUND Human sperm chemotaxis to pre-ovulatory follicular fluid is well established in vitro. However, it is not known whether the female's oocyte-cumulus complex secretes sperm chemoattractants subsequent to ovulation (for enabling sperm chemotaxis within the Fallopian tube) and, if so, which of these cell types--the oocyte or the cumulus oophorus--is(More)
Haemoglobin disorders are among the most frequent indications for preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD), introduced as an important option to couples at risk for producing offspring with thalassaemia and sickle cell disease. Previous experience mainly included PGD for beta-thalassaemia, while PGD for alpha-thalassaemia resulting in an unaffected pregnancy(More)
Transcervical balloon tuboplasty represents a noninvasive technique to treat proximal tubal occlusion. In a multicenter study, 77 women with confirmed bilateral proximal tubal occlusion underwent the procedure. In 71 patients (92%), at least one proximally obstructed fallopian tube was recanalized. Concomitant distal bilateral tubal occlusions were(More)