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PURPOSE Even after a mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) symptoms may be long lasting and never resolve completely. The neurophysiologic substrate for such lasting deficits remains unclear. There is a lack of objective measures of early brain abnormalities following mild TBI, which could shed light on the genesis of these lasting impairments. METHODS Here(More)
Despite intensive efforts to improve outcomes after acquired brain injury, functional recovery is often limited. One reason for this limitation is the challenge in assessing and guiding plasticity after brain injury. In this context, transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), a noninvasive tool of brain stimulation, could play a major role. TMS has been shown(More)
OBJECTIVE Theta-burst stimulation (TBS) is a repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) protocol, capable of enhancing or suppressing the amplitude of contralateral motor-evoked potentials (MEP) for several minutes after stimulation over the primary motor cortex. Continuous TBS (cTBS) produces a long-term depression (LTD)-like reduction of cortical(More)
BACKGROUND The first academic departments of anesthesia were established in the United States at the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1927, with Ralph M. Waters named as chairman, and in the UK at Oxford University in 1937, with Robert Macintosh as chairman. Compared to these early departments, more than 3 decades would pass before Harvard Medical School(More)
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