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Notch receptors are processed by gamma-secretase acting in synergy with T cell receptor signaling to sustain peripheral T cell activation. Activated CD4+ T cells differentiate into T helper type 1 (TH1) or TH2 subsets. Molecular cues directing TH1 differentiation include expression of the TH1-specific transcription factor T-bet, encoded by Tbx21. However,(More)
Notch signaling plays a role in normal lymphocyte development and function. Activating Notch1-mutations, leading to aberrant downstream signaling, have been identified in human T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). While this highlights the contribution of Notch signaling to T-ALL pathogenesis, the mechanisms by which Notch regulates proliferation(More)
Deletion of the DNA-binding domain of the transcription factor Ikaros generates dominant-negative isoforms that interfere with its activity and correlate with poor prognosis in human precursor B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL). Here we found that conditional inactivation of the Ikaros DNA-binding domain in early pre-B cells arrested their(More)
Urate has emerged as a promising target for neuroprotection based on epidemiological observations, preclinical models, and early clinical trial results in multiple neurologic diseases, including Parkinson's disease (PD). This study investigates the astrocytic mechanism of urate's neuroprotective effect. Targeted biochemical screens of conditioned medium(More)
The regulation of innate immune responses to pathogens occurs through the interaction of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) with pathogen-associated molecular patterns and the activation of several signaling pathways whose contribution to the overall innate immune response to pathogens is poorly understood. We demonstrate a mechanism of control of murine macrophage(More)
The visceral mass of the gastropod, Harpa ventricosa was hydrolysed using trypsin, alcalase and pepsin for 12 h to produce protein hydrolysates. Subsequently, the active hydrolysate was observed in the 3rd hour of tryptic hydrolysate (29.17 ± 0.62 and 34.85 ± 0.55 %) using human red blood cell (HRBC) membrane stabilization and albumin denaturation (AD)(More)
IKAROS is required for the differentiation of highly proliferative pre-B-cell precursors, and loss of IKAROS function indicates poor prognosis in precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL). Here we show that IKAROS regulates this developmental stage by positive and negative regulation of superenhancers with distinct lineage affiliations. IKAROS(More)
Deletion of the Ikaros (Ikzf1) DNA-binding domain generates dominant-negative isoforms that interfere with Ikaros family activity and correlate with poor prognosis in human precursor B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemias (B-ALL). Here, we show that conditional inactivation of the Ikaros DNA binding domain in early pre-B cells arrests their differentiation at(More)
The objective of this study was to formulate two ready to reconstitute (RTR) enteral formula feeds with whole some nutritional approach and ease of administration. A cohesive survey work was done to collect the information about commercially available enteral formulas as well as „home made‟ blenderized feeds preferred by some medical institutions. On the(More)
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