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The mechanism by which the inhaled anesthetic isoflurane produces amnesia and immobility is not understood. Isoflurane modulates GABA(A) receptors (GABA(A)-Rs) in a manner that makes them plausible targets. We asked whether GABA(A)-R α2 subunits contribute to a site of anesthetic action in vivo. Previous studies demonstrated that Ser270 in the second(More)
Even though erythropoietin (EPO) is a neurotropic cytokine that is recognized widely for its role in the development, maintenance, protection, and repair of the nervous system, there are few reports concerning EPO-mediated influences on the glial cells in the central nervous system. In this study, we investigated anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic effects(More)
Enhancement of tonic inhibition mediated by extrasynaptic α5-subunit containing GABAA receptors (GABAARs) has been proposed as the mechanism by which a variety of anesthetics, including the general anesthetic etomidate, impair learning and memory. Since α5 subunits preferentially partner with β3 subunits, we tested the hypothesis that etomidate acts through(More)
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