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X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets (XLH), autosomal dominant hypophosphatemic rickets, hereditary hypophosphatemic rickets with hypercalciuria, and tumor-induced osteomalacia share clinical and biochemical features, and are collectively referred to as hypophosphatemic rickets (HR). Recently, the molecular bases of HR were elucidated. A review of medical(More)
Although several genetic causes of steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) have been identified, occurrence of these genetic abnormalities appears to be influenced by race. Seventy Korean children (39 girls, 31 boys) with SRNS underwent analysis for mutations of WT1 and NPHS2. Although NPHS2 mutations were not present in any of the patients, two(More)
Pierson syndrome is caused by mutations in the LAMB2 gene, which encodes the laminin β2 chain, and is clinically characterized by congenital nephrotic syndrome (CNS) and bilateral microcoria. Here, we describe two cases of Pierson syndrome involving atypical phenotypes. Patient 1 presented with congenital microcoria and infantile nephrotic syndrome. Despite(More)
Several cases of hereditary glomerulopathy associated with an A to G transition at position 3243 in mitochondrial DNA, which is known to be associated with most cases of MELAS syndrome (myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes), have been recently reported. These patients share the characteristics of hereditary progressive(More)
Although genetic defect of complement factor H (CFH) is a common cause of atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS), development of autoantibodies to CFH (CFH-Ab) is also known to be an acquired cause of aHUS. Recently, a correlation between the development of CFH-Ab and the deficiency of the CFH-related proteins, CFHR1 and CFHR3, was identified. In this(More)
Idiopathic membranous nephropathy (MN) is a rare cause of asymptomatic proteinuria (AP) or nephrotic syndrome (NS) in childhood. To improve our understanding of its clinical course, we retrospectively reviewed 19 cases of idiopathic MN seen in our hospital over a period of 28.5 years, i.e., from January 1977 to July 2005. Eight patients (39%) had AP and 11(More)
Familial hypomagnesemia with hypercalciuria and nephrocalcinosis (FHHNC), an autosomal recessive renal tubular disorder, is characterized by the impaired tubular reabsorption of magnesium and calcium in the thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle and an eventual progression to end-stage renal disease. Recent studies have reported that this disease is(More)
To review the clinical course and identify prognostic factors, we retrospectively analyzed 92 children with steroid-resistant primary focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). The mean age of onset was 80.4±42.4 months. The mean follow-up duration was 98.2±63.3 months. Eighty-five patients presented with nephrotic syndrome and seven presented with(More)
Deletion polymorphism of angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) gene has been studied as a risk factor in various cardiovascular diseases and chronic nephropathies. Perturbation of local and systemic renin-angiotensin systems is one of the possible mechanisms of the progression of reflux nephropathy. In this study, the implication of ACE gene polymorphism in(More)
Recent advances have shown that atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is a disease of complement dysregulation. Almost 50% of cases are associated with mutations in the three complement regulatory genes, factor H (HF1), membrane co-factor protein (MCP) and factor I (IF). The corresponding gene products act in concert and affect the same enzyme,(More)