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PURPOSE Conditions such as inadequate and ambiguous genitalia that are caused by rudimentary penis, severe hypospadias or traumatic injury require surgical intervention. Although silicone penile prostheses are an accepted treatment modality, biocompatibility issues may be a problem in select cases. We previously demonstrated that rods composed of cartilage(More)
Changes in sucrose-induced plaque pH profiles and the microbial composition of occlusal tooth surface fissures were analyzed using wire telemetry and bacterial culturing techniques. Four human volunteers wore appliances containing artificial fissures constructed with ion-sensitive field-effect transistor (ISFET) electrodes for 1, 2 and 4 days; 1 subject(More)
PURPOSE Sex assignment is made in patients with ambiguous genitalia, genital trauma or iatrogenic injury after a thorough diagnostic evaluation and careful consultation with the family. In numerous instances a decision is made to rear the child as the female gender due to inadequate genitalia regardless of karyotype. Although a silicone penile prosthesis is(More)
Computerized tomography was used to reconstruct a shape, and stresses in three-dimensional objects were analysed. The human femur, which has a very irregular shape, was chosen as an object. CT image data of a cadaver femur were transferred to a computer, and an edge extraction program generated the cross-section of bone by specifying a range of CT values(More)
Ion-sensitive field-effect transistor (ISFET) pH electrodes were used to monitor changes in plaque pH at the base of artificial occlusal surface fissures and at interproximal sites. Bovine enamel was used to construct fissures (1.5 x 0.1 x 1.0 mm) containing a small ISFET electrode. The fissures were fixed to carrier appliances and worn by 4 human(More)
The effect of chewing sorbitol gum containing sodium bicarbonate on interproximal plaque pH was determined by use of an ion-sensitive field-effect transistor (ISFET) electrode system with four human volunteers. Plaque pH was lowered by 2 min of chewing of a sucrose-containing toffee. After 20 min, either sodium bicarbonate or control gum was chewed for 10(More)
Both the immunoglobulins and non-specific antibacterial factors in milk from cows immunized with pathogenic oral bacteria have the potential to influence the oral microflora during passive immunization studies. The first six milks after calving were collected from 2 cows immunized with adjuvant and from 14 cows immunized with adjuvant and heat-killed(More)
Immunization of pregnant cows with bacteria leads to the presence of high concentrations of specific antibodies in colostrum and milk. A total of 14 cows was immunized with single strains of heat-killed oral bacteria or pools of strains of Actinomyces, Porphyromonas, Prevotella, and Fusobacterium. Two cows were treated with adjuvant alone. The mean(More)
Recent publications have suggested that chewing sorbitol- or sucrose-containing gum after a snack or meal can reduce development of caries by neutralizing dental plaque acids at interproximal sites in the dentition. To confirm these findings four volunteers wore appliances containing a miniature pH electrode. After plaque accumulation, subjects ingested a(More)
Ultrasonic surgical units (USUs) have the advantage of minimizing tissue damage during surgeries that require tissue dissection by reducing problems such as coagulation and unwanted carbonization, but the disadvantage of requiring manual adjustment of power output according to the target tissue. In order to overcome this limitation, it is necessary to(More)