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AIMS Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a complicated inflammatory disease that has an unknown underlying pathogenesis. Because alpha-pinene can modulate inflammation, we examined whether alpha-pinene plays a role in AP. MAIN METHODS Alpha-pinene was administered intraperitoneally 1h prior to the first injection of cerulein. Once AP developed, cerulein, a stable(More)
Piperine, one of the main components of Piper longum Linn. and P. nigrum Linn., is a plant alkaloid with a long history of medicinal use. Piperine has been shown to modulate the immune response, but the mechanism underlying this modulation remains unknown. Here, we examined the effects of piperine on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory responses(More)
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a life-threatening disease. Berberine (BBR), a well-known plant alkaloid, is reported to have anti-inflammatory activity in many diseases. However, the effects of BBR on AP have not been clearly elucidated. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the effects of BBR on cerulein-induced AP in mice. AP was induced by either(More)
Effects of ethanol and prostaglandin on the glycoprotein synthesis in the gastric mucus cells have been evaluated. The rat gastric mucosal cell were subjected to a short-term tissue culture in the presence of ethanol and prostaglandin E2 (Ornoprostil), using [3H]-proline, [3H]-palmitic acid, [3H]-galactosamine. Low concentration of ethanol (0.05-0.01 M)(More)
We have previously reported that bee venom (BV) has a protective role against acute pancreatitis (AP). However, the effects of apamin, the major compound of BV, on AP have not been determined. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of apamin on cerulein-induced AP. AP was induced via intraperitoneal injection of supramaximal concentrations of the(More)
Liver metastasis is the main cause of death from colorectal cancer. Alcohol consumption impacts liver function and is suggested to be an independent risk factor for liver metastasis of colorectal cancer, but no experimental evidence supporting this hypothesis has been demonstrated to date. In this study, we investigated the effect of alcohol intake on liver(More)
AIM To determine if the fraction of Nardostachys jatamansi (NJ) has the potential to ameliorate the severity of acute pancreatitis (AP). METHODS Mice were administered the biologically active fraction of NJ, i.e., the 4th fraction (NJ4), intraperitoneally, and then injected with the stable cholecystokinin analogue cerulein hourly for 6 h. Six hours after(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of Opuntia humifusa (OH) on cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis (AP). METHODS Acute pancreatitis was induced via intraperitoneal injection of cholecystokinin analog cerulein (50 μg/kg). In the OH pretreatment group, OH was administered intraperitoneally (100, 250, or 500 mg/kg) 1 hour before(More)