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Ultra-high-molecular-weight poly-gamma-glutamic acid (gamma-PGA) is a most promising biodegradable polymer that is produced by Bacillus subtilis (chungkookjang). Attractive properties of gamma-PGA are that it is water soluble, anionic, biodegradable, and edible. Development of gamma-PGA has pursued in terms of cosmetics/skin care, bone care, nanoparticle(More)
The human papillomavirus (HPV) minor capsid protein, L2, is a good candidate for prophylactic vaccine development because L2-specific antibodies have cross-neutralizing activity against diverse HPV types. Here, we developed a HPV mucosal vaccine candidate using the poly-γ-glutamic acid synthetase A (pgsA) protein to display a partial HPV-16 L2 protein(More)
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that is closely related to dysregulation of the T helper type 1 and 2 (Th1)/Th2 balance. A previous study showed that high molecular mass poly-γ-glutamate (γ-PGA) isolated from Bacillus subtilis sp. Chungkookjang induces the production of IL-12 from dendritic cells (DCs). Here, we investigated(More)
Given that local cell-mediated immunity (CMI) against the human papillomavirus type 16 E6 (HPV16 E6) protein is important for eradication of HPV16 E6-expressing cancer cells in the cervical mucosa, the HPV16 E6 protein may be a target for the mucosal immunotherapy of cervical cancer. Here, we expressed the HPV16 E6 antigen on Lactobacillus casei (L. casei)(More)
AIM This cross-sectional, hospital-based study examined the distribution of human papillomavirus 16 E6 and E7 gene variants in Korean women with cervical lesions of varying degrees. MATERIAL & METHODS One hundred and forty-one Korean women (median age 43 years; range 22-65 years) with human papillomavirus 16 single infections were included. The human(More)
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