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The epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) plays an important role in transepithelial Na(+) absorption; hence its function is essential for maintaining Na(+) and fluid homeostasis and regulating blood pressure. Insulin is one of the hormones that regulates activity of ENaC. In this study, we investigated the contribution of two related protein kinases, Akt (also(More)
Regulation of the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) is highly complex and may involve several aldosterone-induced regulatory proteins. The N-Myc downstream-regulated gene 2 (NDRG2) has been identified as an early aldosterone-induced gene. Therefore, we hypothesized that NDRG2 may affect ENaC function. To test this hypothesis we measured the(More)
1. The epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) is tightly regulated by hormonal and humoral factors, including cytosolic ion concentration and glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid hormones. Many of these regulators of ENaC control its activity by regulating its surface expression via neural precursor cell-expressed developmentally downregulated (gene 4) protein(More)
Immunohistochemistry for haptoglobin (Hp) in the postischemic hippocampus demonstrated an immunoreactivity visible one day after reperfusion and continuing to increase until 14 days after ischemia. The immunoreactivity was most prominent in CA1 and the dentate hilar region, especially in cells with astroglial morphology. Double immunofluorescence(More)
The G protein-coupled receptor kinase (GRK2) belongs to a family of protein kinases that phosphorylates agonist-activated G protein-coupled receptors, leading to G protein-receptor uncoupling and termination of G protein signaling. GRK2 also contains a regulator of G protein signaling homology (RH) domain, which selectively interacts with α-subunits of the(More)
Urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) belongs to a family of proteins that contains kringle domain and plays an important role in inflammation, tissue remodeling, angiogenesis, and tumor metastasis by pericellular plasminogen activation. Kringle domains of plasminogen have been shown to demonstrate anti-angiogenic and anti-tumor activities. Here, we report(More)
It has recently been shown that the epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC) is compartmentalized in caveolin-rich lipid rafts and that pharmacological depletion of membrane cholesterol, which disrupts lipid raft formation, decreases the activity of ENaC. Here we show, for the first time, that a signature protein of caveolae, caveolin-1 (Cav-1), down-regulates the(More)
Several acute-phase plasma proteins, including haptoglobin (Hp), are induced in the liver in response to inflammation. Recently, we found that Hp gene expression is up-regulated by all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) in the extrahepatic monocytic cell line, THP-1. To investigate the molecular mechanism underlying ATRA-induced Hp gene expression, we analyzed the(More)
ZnT-1 is a Cation Diffusion Facilitator (CDF) family protein, and is present throughout the phylogenetic tree from bacteria to humans. Since its original cloning in 1995, ZnT-1 has been considered to be the major Zn(2+) extruding transporter, based on its ability to protect cells against zinc toxicity. However, experimental evidence for ZnT-1 induced Zn(2+)(More)
The two-kringle domain of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) has previously been shown to contain anti-angiogenesis activity. In this study, we explored the potential in vivo anti-tumor effects of the recombinant kringle domain (TK1-2) of human t-PA. Anti-tumor effects of purified Pichia-driven TK1-2 were examined in nude mice models by subcutaneous(More)