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The objective of the present study was to determine whether a mitochondria-targeted vitamin E derivative (MitoVit E) would affect certain mitochondrial parameters, as well as systemic oxidative stress. A total of sixty-four mice were fed a high-fat (HF) diet for 5 weeks. They were then switched to either a low-fat (LF) or a medium-fat (MF) diet, and(More)
Osteopenic diseases, such as osteoporosis, are characterized by progressive and excessive bone resorption mediated by enhanced receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL) signaling. Therefore, downregulation of RANKL downstream signals may be a valuable approach for the treatment of bone loss-associated disorders. In this study, we investigated(More)
Described herein is design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of novel series of 2-aryl-7-(3',4'-dialkoxyphenyl)-pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidines acting as inhibitors of type 4 phosphodiesterase (PDE4) which is known as a good target for the treatment of asthma and COPD. For this purpose, structure optimization was conducted with the aid of structure-based(More)
Glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta) is involved in glycogen metabolism, neuronal cell development, osteoblast differentiation. Small molecule inhibitors of GSK-3beta have various therapeutic potential for the treatment of diabetes type II, bipolar disorders, stroke and chronic inflammatory disease. To identify GSK-3beta inhibitors with novel scaffold(More)
Our objective in this study was to determine whether a mitochondria-targeted vitamin E derivative (MitoVit E) would decrease oxidative stress and associated obesity by preventing a previously proposed aconitase inhibition cascade. Sixty-four mice were fed a high-fat (HF) diet for 5 wk. They were then switched to either a low-fat (LF) or a medium-fat (MF)(More)
A highly practical route to oligostilbenoid natural products is described. A regioselective Bi(OTf)3-catalyzed cyclodehydration provided ready access to 3-arylbenzofuran. Pd-catalyzed direct C-H activation of benzofuran and subsequent cross-coupling with aryl halide was successfully implemented for the introduction of aryl group at the C2 position of(More)
Inflammation is the protective action of our bodies against external pathogens by recognition of pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) via pattern recognition receptors (PRRs). Proper regulation of inflammatory responses is required to maintain our body's homeostasis, as well as there are demands to develop proper acute or chronic inflammation. In(More)
T cells play a pivotal role in the initiation and progression of multiple sclerosis. We have found that 1,4-aryl-2-mercaptoimidazole (KRM-III) inhibited T-cell antigen receptor- and phorbol myristate acetate/ionomycin-induced activation of nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) and T-cell proliferation with an IC(50) of 5 microM. The KRM-III-mediated(More)