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During the period 1989-1993, the incidence and migration patterns of patients with motor neuron diseases (MND) in Wakayama Prefecture, including one of the high-incidence Kii Peninsula foci ('Kozagawa focus'), were surveyed to determine whether the focus had truly disappeared or not. Overall, the crude average annual incidence was 1.43 per 100000(More)
The Onufrowicz (Onuf's) nuclei from eight amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) cases and nine neurological control cases were studied histologically and morphometrically. To clarify the factors relating to the involvement of the Onuf's nucleus in ALS, we correlated the relationships among the age at death, clinical duration, morphometric findings for Onuf's(More)
Lewy body-like hyaline inclusions (LBI), Bunina bodies (BB) and central chromatolysis are characteristic neuropathological features of spinal motor neurons in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Using histometric methods, we studied the spinal motor neurons of 4 patients with sporadic ALS and 3 neurological control patients to determine the possible(More)
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) have been implicated in the chronic complications of diabetes mellitus and have been reported to play an important role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. In this study, we examined the immunohistochemical localization of AGEs, amyloid beta protein (A beta), apolipoprotein E (ApoE), and tau protein in senile(More)
Young adult New Zealand white rabbits, inoculated intracisternally once monthly with 100 micrograms AlCl3, developed progressive hyperreflexia, hypertonia, gait impairment, weight loss, muscle wasting and abnormal righting reflexes over the course of 8 months. No overt encephalopathic features were present. In spinal motor neuron perikarya, dendrites and(More)
Kuru, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) and Gerstmann-Sträussler syndrome (GSS) are transmissible dementias affecting humans characterized neuropathologically by intraneuronal vacuolation, spongiform change, astrocytic hypertrophy and hyperplasia and the variable presence of amyloid plaques. It has been suggested that microglia are amyloid-forming cells,(More)
Using three different silver impregnation methods and antisera against microtubule-associated protein-tau (MAP-tau) and amyloid beta/A4 protein, we demonstrated abundant neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs), rare senile plaques, absence of amyloid angiopathy and rare MAP-tau- and silver-positive neuropil threads in the hippocampus of patients with amyotrophic(More)
To investigate excitability of spinal neural function during stretching excises in patients with cerebrovascular disease (CVD), H-reflex was analyzed before, during and after 1 min. continued stretching of the affected arm. 10 hemiparesis patients with hypertonus and hyperreflex, mean age of 53.2 years were tested. H-reflex was recorded from the abductor(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) is a potent survival factor for motor neurons in animals, and glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta) is suspected to play roles in apoptosis and tau phosphorylation. Here we report the immunological expression of IGF-I, GSK-3beta, phosphorylated-GSK-3alpha/beta (p-GSK-3alpha/beta) and phosphorylated-tau in the spinal(More)
We inoculated 5- to 6-week old New Zealand white rabbits intracisternally with either 100, 250, 500, 750, or 1000 micrograms of AlCl3 or 0.9% NaCl and correlated the extent of cervical motor neuron neurofilamentous inclusion formation at 48 h postinoculation with alterations in neurofilament (NF) mRNA levels. RNA was isolated from cervical spinal cord by(More)