Ikuro Wakayama

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OBJECTIVES The aim of the present study was to elucidate the mechanism of cutaneous vasodilation following acupuncture stimulation by investigating the roles of nitric oxide (NO) and axon reflex vasodilation. METHODS The subjects were 17 healthy male volunteers. The role of NO was investigated by administering N(G)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester(More)
Kuru, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) and Gerstmann-Sträussler syndrome (GSS) are transmissible dementias affecting humans characterized neuropathologically by intraneuronal vacuolation, spongiform change, astrocytic hypertrophy and hyperplasia and the variable presence of amyloid plaques. It has been suggested that microglia are amyloid-forming cells,(More)
Chronic wasting disease (CWD), a progressive and uniformly fatal neurological disorder, is characterized neuropathologically by intraneuronal vacuolation, spongiform change of the neuropil and astrocytic hyperplasia and hypertrophy. Ultrastructural neuropathological findings consist of (1) extensive vacuolation in neuronal processes, within myelin sheaths,(More)
Using immunocytochemical and ultrastructural methods, we observed extensive and characteristic dendritic changes in motor neurons of rabbits inoculated intracisternally with aluminum phosphate. Anti-microtubule-associated protein 2 immunostaining revealed markedly reduced immunoreactivity in motor neuron dendrites and a reduced number of dendritic trees in(More)
To determine the effects of manual acupuncture stimulation (MAS) on skin sympathetic nerve activity (SSNA), SSNA and skin blood flow (SBF) were measured during a resting period and during MAS. Twelve healthy male subjects were divided into an acupuncture group (n = 7) and a control group (n = 5). SSNA was recorded from the left median nerve at the elbow(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) is a potent survival factor for motor neurons in animals, and glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta) is suspected to play roles in apoptosis and tau phosphorylation. Here we report the immunological expression of IGF-I, GSK-3beta, phosphorylated-GSK-3alpha/beta (p-GSK-3alpha/beta) and phosphorylated-tau in the spinal(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the accumulation of transition metals in the scalp hair of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients in the Koza/Kozagawa/Kushimoto (K) area (K-ALS) in the Kii Peninsula, Japan. Metal contents were measured in the unpermed, undyed hair samples of 88 K-residents, 20 controls, 7 K-ALS patients, and 10 sporadic ALS(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is characterized neuropathologically by chromatolysis, Bunina bodies, hyaline inclusions, skein-like inclusions and axonal spheroids. Aluminum, a known neurotoxin, is the cause of dialysis encephalopathy and is considered to be a causative agent in high incidence foci of ALS in the western Pacific. We have developed an(More)
OBJECTIVES This study investigated if nitric oxide (NO) and/or prostaglandin (PG) are responsible for cutaneous vasodilation during warm moxibustion-like thermal stimulation (WMTS). DESIGN For two protocols, two microdialysis membranes were placed in the medial forearm skin. In the first protocol (n=8), the sites were randomly assigned and perfused with(More)
To investigate excitability of spinal neural function during stretching excises in patients with cerebrovascular disease (CVD), H-reflex was analyzed before, during and after 1 min. continued stretching of the affected arm. 10 hemiparesis patients with hypertonus and hyperreflex, mean age of 53.2 years were tested. H-reflex was recorded from the abductor(More)