Ikuro Maruyama

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High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), originally described as a DNA-binding protein, can also be released extracellularly and functions as a late mediator of inflammatory responses. Although recent reports have indicated that the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) as well as Toll-like receptor (TLR)2 and TLR4 are involved in cellular(More)
BACKGROUND Soluble thrombomodulin is a promising therapeutic natural anticoagulant that is comparable to antithrombin, tissue factor pathway inhibitor and activated protein C. OBJECTIVES We conducted a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, parallel-group trial to compare the efficacy and safety of recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin (ART-123) to(More)
Thrombomodulin (TM) is an endothelial anticoagulant cofactor that promotes thrombin-mediated activation of protein C. Recently, we conducted a multicentre, double-blind, randomized trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin (rhsTM, also known as ART-123) for the treatment of disseminated intravascular coagulation(More)
OBJECTIVE High mobility group box chromosomal protein 1 (HMGB-1), a nuclear DNA binding protein, was recently rediscovered as a new proinflammatory cytokine. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate HMGB-1 expression in vivo and to identify the role of HMGB-1 in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS HMGB-1 concentrations in synovial(More)
This study was performed to examine the putative role of high mobility group box (HMGB) protein in the pathogenesis of acute lung injury (ALI). Observations were made (1) in 21 patients who were septic with ALI and 15 patients with normal lung function and (2) in a mouse model 24 hours after intratracheal instillation of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The(More)
Activated phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and its downstream target Akt are essential for the fibroblast transformation induced by many viral products. Tax, encoded by human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I), has been demonstrated to induce the transformation of rat fibroblast Rat-1 cell through NF-kappaB activation. By stable transfection of Rat-1(More)
Thrombomodulin (TM) is an endothelial anticoagulant cofactor that promotes thrombin-mediated formation of activated protein C (APC). We have found that the N-terminal lectin-like domain (D1) of TM has unique antiinflammatory properties. TM, via D1, binds high-mobility group-B1 DNA-binding protein (HMGB1), a factor closely associated with necrotic cell(More)
OBJECTIVE High mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) was identified as a mediator of endotoxin lethality. We previously reported that thrombomodulin (TM), an endothelial thrombin-binding protein, bound to HMGB1, thereby protecting mice from lethal endotoxemia. However, the fate of HMGB1 bound to TM remains to be elucidated. METHODS AND RESULTS TM enhanced(More)
We have used antibodies to human thrombomodulin isolated from placenta to investigate the distribution of this cofactor for protein C activation in human tissues. Thrombomodulin was found on endothelial cells of arteries, veins, capillaries, and lymphatics by immunocytochemical staining using an avidin-biotin peroxidase method. Thrombomodulin was not(More)
High Mobility Group Box chromosomal protein 1 (HMGB1) is a nuclear DNA-binding protein acting as a proinflammatory cytokine when released in the extracellular space from necrotic cells,activated macrophages and dendritic cells. HMGB1 acts on a specific receptor, RAGE (receptor for advanced glycation end-products), and induces prolonged inflammation, organ(More)