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An anammox assay involving a ¹⁵N tracer and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry revealed that the potential anammox activity accounted for 1 to 5% of total N₂ production in a ravine paddy field, Japan. Among four 4-cm-deep layers, the top layer showed the highest activity. Clone libraries showed that the DNA in the top layer contained sequences related to(More)
Mangrove forests are common in subtropical regions, and have received considerable attention as vegetative buffers against anthropogenic N-loading. In this study, we investigated anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) as one of potentially important microbial N-removing pathways in mangrove and shrimp pond sediment in Haiphong, Vietnam. Measurements with(More)
Bradyrhizobium sp. S23321 is an oligotrophic bacterium isolated from paddy field soil. Although S23321 is phylogenetically close to Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA110, a legume symbiont, it is unable to induce root nodules in siratro, a legume often used for testing Nod factor-dependent nodulation. The genome of S23321 is a single circular chromosome,(More)
A mathematical model to estimate nitrogen (N) effluent from an upland field cultivated with barley, where under-drain pipes were installed 60 cm below the field surface, was developed and N effluents for several rainfall patterns during the cultivation period were analysed. The model is composed of the water drainage model and N cycle model. The water(More)
The protein composition of Alteromonas sp. strain KE10 cultured at two different organic-nutrient concentrations was determined by using two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The cellular levels of three proteins, OlgA, -B, and -C, were considerably higher in cells grown in a low concentration of organic nutrient medium (LON medium; 0.2 mg of(More)
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