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Genome sequencing of the thermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus horikoshii OT3 revealed a gene which had high sequence similarity to the gene encoding the carboxypeptidase of Sulfolobus solfataricus and also to that encoding the aminoacylase from Bacillus stearothermophilus. The gene from P. horikoshii comprises an open reading frame of 1,164 bp with an ATG(More)
Aromatic amino acid aminotransferase (ArATPh), which has a melting temperature of 120 degrees C, is one of the most thermostable aminotransferases yet to be discovered. The crystal structure of this aminotransferase from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus horikoshii was determined to a resolution of 2.1 A. ArATPh has a homodimer structure in which(More)
Glutamate dehydrogenase from Pyrococcus horikoshii (Pho-GDH) was cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli. The cloned enzyme with His-tag was purified to homogeneity by affinity chromatography and shown to be a hexamer enzyme of 290+/-8 kDa (subunit mass 48 kDa). Its optimal pH and temperature were 7.6 and 90 degrees C, respectively. The purified enzyme(More)
Functions of the terminal domains of the family D DNA polymerase from Pyrococcus horikoshii (PolDPho) were analyzed by making and characterizing various truncated proteins. Based on a co-expression vector developed previously (Shen, Y., Musti, K., Hiramoto, M., Kikuchi, H., Kawabayashi, Y., and Matsui, I. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276, 27376-27383), 25 vectors(More)
The molecular structure of Saccharomycopsis fibuligera alpha-amylase was predicted by a homology-based modeling technique, and the amino acid residues composing the active site were displayed with color codes according to their order of conservation. We noticed two highly conserved aromatic residues located in the active center, tyrosine 83 (Y83) and(More)
Family D DNA polymerase has recently been found in the Euryarchaeota subdomain of Archaea. Its genes are adjacent to several other genes related to DNA replication, repair, and recombination in the genome, suggesting that this enzyme may be the major DNA replicase in Euryarchaeota. Although it possesses strong polymerization and proofreading activities, the(More)
Family D DNA polymerase (PolD) is a new type of DNA polymerase possessing polymerization and 3'-5' exonuclease activities. Here we report the characterization of the nuclease activity of PolD from Pyrococcus horikoshii. By site-directed mutagenesis, we verified that the putative Mre11-like nuclease domain in the small subunit (DP1), predicted according to(More)
The flap endonuclease gene homologue from the hyperthermophilic archaeon, Pyrococcus horikoshii, was overexpressed in Escherichia coli and purified. The results of gel filtration indicated that this protein was a 41-kDa monomer. P. horikoshii flap endonuclease (phFEN) cleaves replication fork-like substrates (RF) and 5' double-strand flap structures (DF)(More)
A gene homologous to D-ribose-5-phosphate isomerase (EC 5.3.1.6) was found in the genome of Pyrococcus horikoshii. D-ribose-5-phosphate isomerase (PRI) is of particular metabolic importance since it catalyzes the interconversion between the ribose and ribulose forms involved in the pentose phosphate cycle and in the process of photosynthesis. The gene(More)
Membrane-bound proteases play several important roles in protein quality control and regulation. In the genome of the hyperthermophilic archaebacterium Pyrococcus horikoshii, the open reading frames PH1510 and PH1511 are homologous to the genes nfed (nodulation formation efficiency D) and stomatin, respectively, and probably form an operon. The nfed(More)