Ikuo Kokufu

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Endocrine treatment-related adverse events have a strong impact on patients’ quality of life and sometimes result in treatment discontinuation. Since joint symptoms are the most frequently recognized side effect of aromatase inhibitors, evaluation of associated risk factors may yield significant findings. A total of 391 postmenopausal Japanese women with(More)
There is increasing evidence regarding the importance of osteoclast activation in the pathogenesis of bone metastases. Cancer cells produce osteoclast-activating factors which play an important role in the development of bone metastases. Bisphosphonates are drugs that inhibit bone turnover by decreasing bone resorption. In patients with bone metastases from(More)
A 41-year-old woman diagnosed as gastric cancer with peritoneal dissemination was admitted for operation. Exploratory laparotomy was done and a reservoir was implanted with intraperitoneal catheter. At the operation, CDDP (100 mg) was administered intraperitoneally. Four days after the operation, continuous intravenous infusion of 5-FU (250 mg) was carried(More)
A 36-year-old woman was referred to our hospital because of a right breast lump. Chest computed tomography revealed pulmonary metastases with lymphangitis carcinomatosa. Additional examination revealed liver metastases and axillary and cervical lymph node metastases. The patient was started on CA therapy (cyclophosphamide 900 mg, adriamycin 90 mg). A minor(More)
Cyst fluid was aspirated from five thyroglossal duct cysts (TDCs) and four branchial cleft cysts (BCCs). The cyst fluid levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9, squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC), and amylase were measured and compared between the two types of cyst. The enzyme immunoassay technique was used for CEA and(More)
530 Background: In BC pts, bone is the most frequent site of distant metastasis. The pathogenesis of bone metastasis is thought that BC cells produce osteoclast activating factors which induce osteoclast resorption of bone, leading to the development of lytic bone disease. Bisphosphonates (BPs) demonstrate highly effective inhibition of osteoclast bone(More)
We report a case of long-term effectiveness of weekly paclitaxel (TXL) administration for metastatic gastric cancer. TXL (80 mg/m2) was infused over 1 hour after short premedication on an outpatient basis. Administration was continued for 3 weeks followed by 1 week rest. A 61-year-old man was diagnosed as having gastric cancer with multiple liver(More)
Case 1: A 43-year-old woman underwent mastectomy because of locally advanced breast cancer with multiple bone metastases. She was treated with CMF therapy but developed a compression fracture of a thoracic vertebra after 10 months and received pamidronate therapy. Pamidronate administration relived her back pain after 2 months and she was able to walk again(More)
Bisphosphonates are strongly efficacious in inhibiting osteoclast bone resorption and have beneficial effects on bone metastasis. Due to their mechanism of action, bisphosphonates are expected to prevent the development of bone metastases in breast cancer patients. Pamidronate is a potent inhibitor of osteoclast activity. We examined whether pamidronate was(More)
We treated 12 patients with metastatic breast cancer with weekly paclitaxel therapy. Paclitaxel was administrated by 1 hour infusion at a dose of 80 mg/m2 after short premedication every week on an outpatient basis. Administration was continued for 3 weeks followed by 1 week rest. All patients had received prior metastatic chemotherapy, and prior(More)