Ikuo Hashimoto

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We investigated the effects of FK228 on cell proliferation and apoptosis against human glioblastoma (GM) T98G, U251MG, and U87MG cells. Upon exposure to FK228, cell proliferation was inhibited, and apoptosis detected by the cleavage of CPP32 was induced. FK228 increased the expression levels of p21 (WAF-1) and of pro-apoptotic Bad protein in all GM cells.(More)
The effects of sodium butyrate (SB) and trichostatin A (TSA) on cell proliferation andapoptosis against human glioma T98G, U251MG, and U877MG cells were investigated. Upon exposure to either SB or TSA, cell proliferation was reduced, and apoptosis detected by DNA fragmentation analysis and the cleavage of CPP32 was induced. Previously, we reported that SB(More)
Ten cynomolgus monkeys were given enterovirus 71 (E71) by mouth. Clinically, only one monkey showed weakness of the lower extremities. Histopathologically, vascular lesions of variable intensity, perivascular cuffing, degeneration and necrosis of the neurons and neuronophagia were observed in the CNS of 7 monkeys. E71 was recovered from the CNS and specific(More)
We investigated the effects of histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors such as sodium butyrate (SB) and trichostatin A (TSA) on the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) by human glioblastoma T98G, U251MG, and U87MG cells. The glioblastoma cells secreted three VEGF isoforms, VEGF (189), (165), and (121), although the expression levels of(More)
The neurovirulence of strain BrCr of enterovirus 71 (E71) was compared in monkeys between temperature-sensitive (ts) and temperature-resistant (tr) viruses. Comparisons are made relative to clinical disease, pathologic findings, serum neutralizing antibody titers, CNS virus replication as measured by infectivity titrations and immunofluorescence.(More)
Poliovirus was inoculated intraspinally into cynomolgus monkeys to determine whether nerve cell damage in the central nervous system (CNS) is due primarily to virus multiplication in the neuron or to secondary effects of virus multiplication in the supporting cells. Electron-microscopically, the development of cytopathogenesis and of membrane-bound vesicles(More)
To image cerebral neural activity in ischemic areas, we proposed a novel technique to analyze spontaneous neuromagnetic fields based on standardized low-resolution brain electromagnetic tomography modified for a quantifiable method (sLORETA-qm). Using a 160-channel whole-head-type magnetoencephalographic system, cerebral magnetic fields were obtained pre-(More)
PATIENT AND METHODS Cerebral blood flow and neuromagnetic activity were measured using (123)I-iodoamphetamine-single photon emission computed tomography (IMP-SPECT) and magnetoencephalography (MEG), before and after extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass surgery in a 55-year-old woman with unilateral middle cerebral artery occlusion that occurred with(More)