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It is not always easy to observe and screen atrial septal defects (ASD) using echocardiography. In addition, there are no established echocardiographic reference indices for screening patients with ASDs. We retrospectively reviewed our database and recruited 151 isolated ASD patients and 2769 healthy subjects. In total, 307 echocardiographic studies were(More)
Dobutamine (DOB) stress radionuclide ventriculography (RVG) is proposed for evaluating left ventricular performance in patients with Kawasaki disease (KD). Dobutamine stress RVG, up to 15 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1), was performed in 40 patients with a history of KD, some of whom had a perfusion defect (PD group) on dipyridamole stress thallium-201 myocardial(More)
OBJECTIVE Our study was intended to test the accuracy of a 3-dimensional (3D) digital color Doppler flow convergence (FC) method for assessing the effective orifice area (EOA) in a new dynamic orifice model mimicking a variety of mitral regurgitation. BACKGROUND FC surface area methods for detecting EOA have been reported to be useful for quantifying the(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was performed to evaluate subendocardial function using strain rate imaging (SRI). BACKGROUND The subendocardium and mid-wall of the left ventricle (LV) play important roles in ventricular function. Previous methods used for evaluating this function are either invasive or cumbersome. Strain rate imaging by ultrasound is a newly(More)
OBJECTIVES This study investigated patients with acute Kawasaki disease (KD) to validate myeloid-related protein (MRP)-8/MRP-14 as a marker of disease activity and severity of coronary artery lesion development. BACKGROUND Both MRP-8 and -14, which are S100-proteins secreted by activated neutrophils and monocytes, bind specifically to endothelial cells(More)
BACKGROUND Many studies have investigated tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) as a longitudinal right ventricular (RV) contraction. The aim of this study was to clarify the mechanism of RV systolic function compared with longitudinal and radial RV contractions in healthy children. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 815 consecutive healthy(More)
It is well known that brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is elevated in the acute phase of Kawasaki disease (KD). We hypothesized that mitral annular plane systolic excursion (MAPSE) could identify LV dysfunction in the acute phase of KD. Fifty patients with KD were enrolled in this study. BNP sampling and an echocardiographic study were performed just before(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) serves many vasoprotective roles, but the massive release of NO causes arterial wall degeneration. We investigated whether enhanced nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression in peripheral blood leukocytes and circulating endothelial cells mirrors the progression of coronary arterial lesions in 55 children with acute Kawasaki disease (KD),(More)
Aim of our study was to evaluate right ventricular (RV) systolic function in neonate using newly developed single-beat three-dimensional echocardiography (sb3DE). We enrolled 15 healthy or premature neonates (0-53 days after birth). We scanned one beat full volume using Siemens ACUSON SC2000 (Siemens AG) echocardiography with 4Z1c full-volume transducer(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of our study was to explore the pumping mechanism of the left ventricle (LV) and to examine the role of longitudinal LV contraction in LV stroke volume (LVSV) compared to a radial LV contraction. METHODS AND RESULTS We examined 890 consecutive children without structural heart disease including 395 patients with a history of(More)