We investigated the effects of FK228 on cell proliferation and apoptosis against human glioblastoma (GM) T98G, U251MG, and U87MG cells. Upon exposure to FK228, cell proliferation was inhibited, and apoptosis detected by the cleavage of CPP32 was induced. FK228 increased the expression levels of p21 (WAF-1) and of pro-apoptotic Bad protein in all GM cells.… (More)
We investigated the effects of histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors such as sodium butyrate (SB) and trichostatin A (TSA) on the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) by human glioblastoma T98G, U251MG, and U87MG cells. The glioblastoma cells secreted three VEGF isoforms, VEGF (189), (165), and (121), although the expression levels of… (More)
To image cerebral neural activity in ischemic areas, we proposed a novel technique to analyze spontaneous neuromagnetic fields based on standardized low-resolution brain electromagnetic tomography modified for a quantifiable method (sLORETA-qm). Using a 160-channel whole-head-type magnetoencephalographic system, cerebral magnetic fields were obtained pre-… (More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this retrospective study is to analyze whether preoperative functional imaging studies using FDG-PET and MEG enable prediction of postoperative seizure outcomes. METHODS Thirty-six patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy were studied. Asymmetry index of tCMRgluc (PET-AI) and the equivalent current dipole intensity of… (More)
PATIENT AND METHODS Cerebral blood flow and neuromagnetic activity were measured using (123)I-iodoamphetamine-single photon emission computed tomography (IMP-SPECT) and magnetoencephalography (MEG), before and after extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass surgery in a 55-year-old woman with unilateral middle cerebral artery occlusion that occurred with… (More)
The B-Raf proto-oncogene serine/threonine kinase (B-Raf) is a member of the Raf kinase family. The BRAF V600E mutation occurs frequently in certain brain tumors such as pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma, ganglioglioma, and pilocytic astrocytoma, and less frequently in epithelioid and giant cell glioblastoma. BRAF V600E mutation in these cases has been… (More)
Reversible lesions on magnetic resonance imaging that transiently restrict diffusion in the splenium of the corpus callosum (SCC) without any other accompanying lesions have been reported in various clinical conditions. We offer the first report of postpartum cerebral angiopathy with reversible SCC lesions.