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At small central synapses, efficient turnover of vesicles is crucial for stimulus-driven transmission, but how the structure of this recycling pool relates to its functional role remains unclear. Here we characterize the organizational principles of functional vesicles at native hippocampal synapses with nanoscale resolution using fluorescent dye labeling(More)
We describe a new member of the 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase group of enzymes. Human Pan1b displays greatest activity with 5alpha-androstan-3alpha,17beta-diol (3alpha-Diol) as substrate, suggesting that it may be important in androgen metabolism. Enzymic activity was non-saturable with 3alpha-Diol but saturable with retinoids, although retinoids were(More)
Apart from the well recognized factors that are produced by the hypothalamus and secreted into hypophysial portal blood to regulate pituitary function, there is a range of neuropeptides that are present in the median eminence and could be secreted to serve a modulatory function. In this study we have collected hypophysial portal blood and jugular venous(More)
1. Angiotensin IV (AngIV), the (3-8) fragment of AngII, was previously believed to be an inactive metabolite. However, specific binding sites, termed AT4 receptors, have been identified in the brain and peripheral organs and the peptide has been reported to enhance memory recall in passive avoidance studies and to dilate pial and renal cortical vessels. 2.(More)
The influence of GABA on the synthesis of N-acetylserotonin, melatonin, O-acetyl-5-hydroxytryptophol and O-acetyl-5-methoxytryptophol has been investigated using different experimental procedures. It was demonstrated that when GABA and an acetyl donor were added to the incubation medium together, a significant increase in synthesis of the N-acetylated(More)