Ikuko Oba-Yabana

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Sarcopenia is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Pathogenic mechanism of skeletal muscle loss in CKD, which is defined as uremic sarcopenia, remains unclear. We found that causative pathological mechanism of uremic sarcopenia is metabolic alterations by uremic toxin indoxyl sulfate. Imaging mass spectrometry(More)
Volume overload is common in liver cirrhosis, heart failure, and chronic kidney disease, being an independent risk factor for mortality. Loop diuretics have been widely used for treating volume overload in these patients. However, there is a tendency to increase the dose of loop diuretics partly because of diuresis resistance. Neurohormonal factors are also(More)
Neutral icodextrin peritoneal dialysis (PD) fluid (n-ICO) has become available for use in Japan. However, removal of water and solutes remains to be elucidated in detail. The present study was designed to determine removal of water, electrolytes, and small, middle, and large molecules in a period of 16 hours. In addition, biocompatibility with respect to(More)
In the present study, we assessed the effect of chronic tolvaptan treatment and compared it with the effect of conventional treatment without tolvaptan. In addition, changes in cardiac load and body fluid composition were compared.The study enrolled 22 patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis who had been receiving tolvaptan for more than 1 year and 10(More)
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