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The antisecretory and antiulcer activities of 2[[[3-methyl-4-(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)-2-pyridyl]methyl] sulfinyl]-1H-benzimidazole (AG-1749) were investigated in dogs and rats. AG-1749 inhibited both the (H+ + K+)-adenosine triphosphatase activity in canine gastric microsomes and dibutyryl cyclic AMP-stimulated acid formation in isolated canine parietal(More)
Indomethacin produces gastric corpus erosions in the fasted rat and small intestinal ulcers in the conventionally fed rat. We found that in rats fed chow pellets for 1 h after a 24-h fast, indomethacin given within 2 h after refeeding produced lesions in the gastric antrum, primarily along the lesser curvature, and also in the small intestine. The antral(More)
Lansoprazole, a proton pump inhibitor, exerts prominent antiulcer activityvia both antisecretory and mucosal protective actions. Although the antisecretory action has been explained by inactivation of (H+, K+)-ATPase in parietal cells, the mode of mucosal protective action remains to be elucidated. In the present study, the effect of lansoprazole on(More)
We found indomethacin aggravates healed gastric ulcers (ulcer relapse) in rats. In the present study, we examined the effects of human basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) mutein CS23 (TGP-580) and histamine H2-receptor antagonists (H2-RAs) on ulcer relapse in this model. In male SD rats, gastric ulcers were induced in the antrum by injection of acetic(More)
The effects of lansoprazole given intravenously on gastric mucosal lesions, gastric bleeding and acid secretion were investigated in rats in comparison with those of omeprazole, famotidine and ranitidine. Lansoprazole inhibited the formation of gastric mucosal lesions in rats induced by water-immersion stress or aspirin with ID50 values of 0.26 and 0.99(More)
Six Holstein-Friesian cows suffering from recurrent rumenal tympany were pathologically investigated. Macroscopical lesions associated with the clinical symptoms were confined to the diaphragmatic muscles which were pale, and stiff on palpation. Histopathological examination revealed various degenerative changes in diaphragmatic muscles as follows:(More)
White rabbits in a family, which were clinically diagnosed as moderately or severely diseased with spirochetosis, were bacteriologically and immunologically examined. The specimens from the diseased rabbits, including affected prepuces, scrotum, or skins with an occasional presence of the spirochetes, did not, however, result in growth in six conventional(More)
The effects of 5-acetylspiro[benzofuran-2(3H),1'-cyclopropan]-3-one (AG 629), a newly synthesized compound, on various experimentally induced ulcers were investigated. Oral or intraduodenal administration of AG 629 in a dose range of 25-100 mg/kg inhibited water-immersion stress ulcer, exertion ulcer, Shay ulcer, indometacin- and acetylsalicylic acid(More)
The protective effect of spizofurone (AG-629) on the rat gastric mucosa was studied in the presence of various stimuli. Spizofurone given orally markedly inhibited gastric lesions induced by ethanol (ED50 = 6.5 mg/kg). Spizofurone inhibited ethanol-induced gastric lesions even when administered intraperitoneally (i.p.), but the onset of action after oral(More)
The effect of spizofurone, a new anti-ulcer agent, on alkaline secretion was studied in an isolated sheet of bullfrog (10(-4)-10(-3) M) as well as prostaglandin E2 (PGE2, 10(-8)-10(-5) M) added to the nutrient solution increased alkaline secretion, transmucosal potential difference (PD) and short-circuit current (Isc), in a concentration-dependent manner.(More)
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