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Increased production of advanced glycosylation end products (AGEs) and augmented oxidative stress may contribute to vascular complications in diabetes. Little is known about the formation and accumulation of AGEs in young patients with type 1 diabetes. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether AGE production and oxidative stress are augmented(More)
We measured urinary nitrite/nitrate (NOx-) excretion, an index of endogenous nitric oxide formation, in term and preterm infants aged 1 week and 1, 4, 7 months. In normal term infants, urinary NOx excretion increased from 1 week to 1 month and then decreased until 4 months where it stabilized thereafter. Urinary NOx- excretion in preterm infants was(More)
We developed a simple and sensitive stable-isotope dilution method for the quantification of 3-hydroxyglutaric acid (3HGA) and glutaric acid (GA) in body fluids. In our method, tert-butyldimethylsilyl (tBDMS) derivatives of 3HGA and GA were measured with a conventional electron-impact ionization (EI) mode in gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The(More)
We measured the urinary nitrite and nitrate (NOx-) excretion, an index of endogenous nitric oxide formation, in term and preterm newborns on the 1st and 4th days of age. In the infants of both groups, the urinary NOx- excretion significantly increased from the 1st to the 4th day. The urinary NOx- excretion in preterm infants was significantly higher as(More)
We examined the effects of chronic nitric oxide (NO) blockade on bone mineral status in growing rats. Oral administration of NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) for 4 wk caused hypertension and a significant reduction in urinary NO2- and NO3- excretion. Four-week oral aminoguanidine (AG, 400 mg/dl of drinking water) did not alter blood pressure but(More)
In a neonatal-screening pilot study for inherited disorders in organic acid and amino acid metabolism, we analyzed butyrated acylcarnitines and amino acids in blood spots of more than 20,000 newborns by electrospray tandem mass spectrometry. In order to screen urea cycle disorders, we performed multiple scanning functions with additional stable(More)
BACKGROUND Involvement of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of diabetic vascular complications has been proposed. However, there are few methods to determine the status of oxidative stress both directly and quantitatively in young patients with type 1 diabetes. METHODS A total of 27 young patients with type 1 diabetes (mean age +/- SD, 12.6 +/- 4.2(More)
Electrospray tandem mass spectrometry was applied to detect a series of inherited metabolic disorders during a newborn-screening pilot study and a selective screening in Japan. In our mass screening of 102,200 newborns, five patients with propionic acidemia, two with methylmalonic acidemia, two with medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency, three with(More)
Many of the previously described enzymatic assay methods for the diagnosis of medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency have been dependent upon the measurement of radioisotope-labeled co-products or reduction of electron acceptors. We have developed a direct assay method to detect 2-enoyl-CoA production using high-performance liquid(More)
Acylcarnitines in amniotic fluid samples were analyzed for the prenatal diagnosis of propionic acidemia, methylmalonic aciduria, isovaleric acidemia, and glutaric aciduria by electrospray tandem mass spectrometry. Although the levels of the specific acylcarnitine between affected and unaffected cases showed an overlap, the ratios of propionylcarnitine to(More)