Ik Kyo Chung

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There has been a good deal of interest in the potential of marine vegetation as a sink for anthropogenic C emissions (“Blue Carbon”). Marine primary producers contribute at least 50% of the world’s carbon fixation and may account for as much as 71% of all carbon storage. In this paper, we analyse the current rate of harvesting of both commercially grown and(More)
Porphyra is one of the world’s most valued maricultured seaweeds and has been cultivated for several hundred years in Asia. The objective of this study was to produce critical information as a guide for the selection of an appropriate Porphyra species from coastal New England for the development of a land-based aquaculture system. Four Northwest Atlantic(More)
Porphyra spp. (currently Porphyra and Pyropia) are major sources of seafood globally. In this study, we investigated the effects of ammonium concentration, water temperature, and thallus stocking density on N-ammonium uptake rate (NUR), tissue nutrients content, N–NH4 + filtration efficiency (NUE: nitrogen uptake efficiency %) of Pyropia yezoensis at a(More)
Cyanobacteria samples were collected from smears and mats growing on the surfaces of buildings, roadside walls, rocks, and monuments near Gimhae City, Korea. These populations were not as thick and dense, nor as diverse, as those found in temperate and tropical regions. Crusts at Gimhae City were dominated by colonial forms of species fromChroococcus,(More)
The photosynthetic activities of benthic diatoms in response to temperature changes were assessed by measuring chlorophyll fluorescence kinetics. Small benthic diatom species with large surface area to volume (SA/V) ratios responded to increasing temperature differently from large diatoms, since larger ratios caused lower photosynthetic activity under(More)
In integrated multi-trophic aquaculture (IMTA), seaweeds have the capacity to reduce the environmental impact of nitrogen-rich effluents in coastal ecosystems. To establish such bioremediation systems, selection of suitable seaweed species is important. The distribution and productivity of seaweeds vary seasonally based on water temperature and photoperiod.(More)
As an important adaptation for survival in the sediments of intertidal flats, benthic diatoms move up and down in response to a wide range of environmental stimuli. We investigated the vertical migration of two diatoms—Cylindrotheca closterium (Agradh) Kützing (B-25) and Nitzschia sp. (B-3)—under different combinations of light intensity and temperature(More)
Phytoplankton are primary producers and can be important indicators of environmental change. To monitor the plankton species composition of environmental seawater samples, we developed a molecular method composed of colony polymerase chain reaction (PCR), polymerase chain reaction–restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP), and sequencing. A clone(More)
We investigated the effects of epiphytes on photosynthetic activity in a seagrass, Zostera marina. Parameters in our chlorophyll (Chl) fluorescence imaging technique, including Fo, Fm, and Fv/Fm, were monitored from leaf surfaces before and after those epiphytes were removed. Because of the uneven distribution of light intensities, Fm values at the margin(More)
We constructed planktonic 18S rDNA clone libraries for micro-organisms in the euphotic zone of the Ulleung Basin in the East Sea of Korea. They revealed the cryptic biodiversity of eukaryotic planktons and demonstrated specific phylogenetic affiliations at certain water depths. Dinoflagellate clones dominated at the surface and 75-m depth. Members of the(More)