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We have developed a simplified technique for culturing human umbilical vein endothelial cells under shear flow conditions, using prefabricated glass microcapillary tubes ("microslides") with a well-defined rectangular cross section and good optical quality. These microslides have been incorporated into a controlled flow system for quantitative(More)
Two experiments were conducted to measure the oxygen uptake (Experiment II) and the carbon dioxide production (Experiment I) during transcendental meditation. A control group of non-meditators and a few meditators listening to music was used for both experiments. In Experiment I, a controlled group of fasting meditators was also included. A drop in oxygen(More)
The rate of oesophageal adenocarcinoma is increasing in the western world and has a poor prognosis mainly because individuals present at a late stage. Attempts to intervene at an early stage of tumour progression have not proven cost effective, although lesions identified during surveillance programmes have a better prognosis. As a consequence, there has(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS C-myc over expression is implicated in malignancy although to date this has not been studied in Barrett's metaplasia. We sought to determine c-myc expression in the malignant progression of Barrett's metaplasia and whether it may be induced by bile acids seen in gastro-oesophageal refluxate. METHODS C-myc protein and mRNA levels were(More)
Over the last two decades there has been a significant increase in the number and types of immunosuppressive agents that have been available to clinicians. The protocols for immunosuppression used in liver transplantation have been derived historically from those in renal transplantation. During the last decade there has been a shift in the use of(More)
Nine subjects were given to breath 10%, 20%, 30% and 40% nitrous oxide in oxygen. The inhaled gas concentrations were monitored by a mass spectrograph. At each gas concentration the CNV was measured in a standard long S1-S2 CNV paradigm to a click and tone with a mandatory button press at S2. The results confirmed the previous observations of Lader and(More)
The recognition of key roles for cadherins in the determination of epithelial cell phenotype, migration, differentiation, and tumour dissemination have stimulated much interest in this family of adhesion molecules. In the gastrointestinal tract, alteration of the expression of classical cadherins with aberrant P-cadherin up-regulation, associated with(More)
Barrett's metaplasia and the associated adenocarcinoma are composed not only of epithelial cells, but also of inflammatory cells and endothelial cells in the lamina propria and around the tumour, respectively. The early incidence of vascular invasion and metastasis is a feature of Barrett's adenocarcinomas. A paper in this issue of The Journal of Pathology(More)
1. Adhesion of neutrophils to vascular endothelium plays an important role in inflammation and thrombosis. Modulation of adhesion may be therapeutic in these conditions. 2. A flow model was used to quantify adhesion of neutrophils to human cultured umbilical vein endothelial cells. The time course of the neutrophil response to activation by(More)