Iih-Nan Chou

Learn More
The effects of As3+ (NaAsO2) on the microtubule and microfilament organization, cytoskeletal protein synthesis, cytoskeletal and cytosolic (soluble) protein sulfhydryls, and cellular glutathione (GSH) levels were examined in Swiss 3T3 mouse cells. Exposure of cells to 2.5 microM As3+ for 16 hr resulted in apparent cell retraction and loss of thick cables of(More)
Lysyl oxidase (LO), an enzyme secreted by vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC), initiates the covalent crosslinking of polypeptide chains within collagen and elastin. The present study reveals that purified LO strongly induces directional migration of VSMC in an in vitro assay system. LO-dependent chemotaxis, but not chemokinesis, was abolished by(More)
Exposure of 3T3 cells to micromolar doses of 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene, a substrate for glutathione-S-transferase, resulted in a rapid depletion of total cellular glutathione accompanied by disassembly of microtubules as visualized by fluorescence microscopy. However, prolonged incubation resulted in cellular recovery from 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene(More)
As an essential metal for cell metabolism, Mg2+ is known to exert antagonism on Ni2+ genotoxic and other effects. This study examined the influence of Mg2+ on Ni(2+)-induced changes in microtubule (MT) assembly in vitro, cytoplasmic MT organization, cellular glutathione (GSH), and cytoskeletal and cytosolic protein sulfhydryls (PSH). As determined by a(More)
To understand further the mechanisms of cadmium toxicity, cytoskeletal organization and homeostasis of cellular thiols were examined in cadmium-resistant cells isolated from Swiss mouse 3T3 cells by incubation in graded concentrations of CdCl2 (Cd2+) in the culture medium. Cd(2+)-resistant cells displayed profound alterations in their cytoskeletal(More)
Indirect immunofluorescence microscopy has been used to investigate the coordinated reorganization of microtubules, microfilaments, and keratin intermediate filaments in cultured human epidermal keratinocytes following a switch from low-Ca++ (0.15 mM) medium to high-Ca++ (1.05 mM) medium. A dramatic reorganization occurs concurrently in the three major(More)
Lysyl oxidase, a copper-dependent metalloenzyme, plays a central role in crosslinking of collagen and elastin in the extracellular matrix. Notably, lung lysyl oxidase activity is markedly stimulated in rats exposed to cadmium vapors. To further understand the mechanism of cadmium toxicity, the mRNA expression, synthesis, post-translational processing, and(More)
Lysyl oxidase (LO) plays a central role in the crosslinking of collagen and elastin in the extracellular matrix. Here we demonstrate that basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), a polypeptide which regulates proliferation, differentiation, and migration of a variety of cell types, is a substrate of LO. The oxidation of lysine residues in bFGF by LO resulted(More)
Mitogenic stimulation of sparse quiescent Swiss 3T3 cells with serum induces a transient reorganization of microtubules which may be necessary for generation or transduction of the mitogenic signal(s). Recently, several studies have shown that microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) modulate microtubule-mediated functions in vitro and in vivo. We have(More)
The various manipulations involved in the isolation of membrane fragments from culture fluids of murine melanoma cells were examined to discern their effect on membrane fragment structure. Ultracentrifugation and gel chromatography were compared using the presence of marker enzymes and the sensitivity to a non-ionic detergent (Triton X-100). Fractionation(More)