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BACKGROUND/AIMS During the placement of electrodes for deep brain stimulation (DBS), patients are commonly in a seated position, awake, and spontaneously breathing. Air may be entrained through bone or dural veins causing venous air emboli (VAE) and this phenomenon can result in significant hemodynamic changes. Although VAEs have been described in many(More)
DBS depends on precise placement of the stimulating electrode into an appropriate target region. Image-based (direct) targeting has been limited by the ability of current technology to visualize DBS targets. We have recently developed and employed a Fast Gray Matter Acquisition T1 Inversion Recovery (FGATIR) 3T MRI sequence to more reliably visualize these(More)
Invasive treatment for Gilles de la Tourette syndrome has shown interesting results in a number of published reports; it seems to be evolving into a promising therapeutic procedure for those patients demonstrating disabling clinical pictures who are refractory to conservative treatments. There are important issues concerning the stimulated brain target,(More)
UNLABELLED LAY SUMMARY: This case report illustrates lack of clinical efficacy of deep brain stimulation (DBS) for control of tics in a case of mild Tourette syndrome (TS) with severe comorbid obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The brain target for stimulation was the anterior limb internal capsule (ALIC). OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of anterior(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine how intraoperative microelectrode recordings (MER) and intraoperative lead placement acutely influence tremor, rigidity, and bradykinesia. Secondarily, to evaluate whether the longevity of the MER and lead placement effects were influenced by target location (subthalamic nucleus (STN) or globus pallidus interna (GPi)). BACKGROUND(More)
We recently treated six patients for OCD utilizing deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the anterior limb of the internal capsule and the nucleus accumbens region (ALIC-NA). We individually tested leads via a scripted intraoperative protocol designed to determine DBS-induced side effects and mood changes. We previously published qualitative data regarding our(More)
BACKGROUND High frequency stimulation (HFS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN-DBS) has been shown to have little impact on postural control and gait improvements in Parkinson's disease (PD). There is a lack of consensus and quantitative evidence to suggest that stimulating STN at a lower frequency (LFS) as compared to HFS will be superior in improving(More)
We reviewed our deep brain stimulation patient database to describe hardware complications which resulted from implantable pulse generator mobility, a phenomenon referred to as Twiddler's syndrome. A prospectively collected database of adverse events for all patients operated on at the University of Florida was queried searching for hardware malfunctions.(More)
Rapid-onset dystonia-parkinsonism (RDP) is caused by mutations in the ATP1A3 gene. This observational study sought to determine if cognitive performance is decreased in patients with RDP compared with mutation-negative controls. We studied 22 familial RDP patients, 3 non-motor-manifesting mutation-positive family members, 29 mutation-negative family member(More)
Dystonic tremor, which may present with many different clinical presentations (rhythmic oscillations, abnormal posture, pain, and/or a null point) has proven to be a challenge for the clinician to effectively treat. Although recent studies have demonstrated excellent outcomes in select cases following deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the internal globus(More)