Learn More
Successful application of in-vitro fertilization (IVF), zygote intra-Fallopian transfer (ZIFT) and gamete intra-Fallopian transfer (GIFT) requires ovarian hyperstimulation for the maturation of multiple follicles. To control the risk of multiple pregnancies, the number of gametes (GIFT) or embryos (IVF, ZIFT) replaced is limited to three. For the(More)
During a one-year period 636 excess embryos obtained after in-vitro fertilization and gamete intra-Fallopian transfer combined with in-vitro fertilization were cryopreserved using two different protocols. For early stage embryos including the pronucleate stage, 1,2-propanediol was used as cryoprotectant (procedure A, adapted from Renard) and for later stage(More)
An 18-month survey of infertility treatment by in vitro fertilization (IVF) and related procedures at the Centre for Reproductive Medicine of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel is described. During this period, 1326 treatment cycles were started in patients with long-standing infertility and 1135 oocyte retrievals were performed in 771 different patients. IVF(More)
Patient or fetal cord serum is commonly used as a protein supplement to culture media used in in-vitro fertilization (IVF). To eliminate the variability and possible hazards related to the use of human serum, a well-defined protein supplement, Albuminar-20 (Armour Pharmaceutical Cy) was evaluated as a substitute for serum. Prior to its application in the(More)
Endometrial biopsies showing inadequate development were observed after ovarian stimulation with the GnRH agonist Buserelin and HMG for IVF or GIFT when luteal supplementation was omitted. Ninety-one patients were randomly allocated to two luteal supplementation regimens: in 41 women HCG and in 50 women progesterone and oestradiol valerate. The pregnancy(More)
The addition of the gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist Buserelin to human menopausal gonadotrophin/human chorionic gonadotropin (HMG/HCG) during ovarian stimulation was evaluated in 23 cycles of 21 women who previously had unsuccessful IVF treatments when stimulated with clomiphene--HMG/HCG. No adverse effects of GnRH-agonist on folliculogenesis(More)
To evaluate any beneficial effect of progesterone supplementation during the luteal phase of GIFT or IVF cycles stimulated by clomiphene citrate and HMG, two random prospective studies were performed. In the first study, a group of patients received a luteal phase supplement of 50 mg natural progesterone i.m. daily from the day of oocyte retrieval onwards.(More)
OBJECTIVE This study has examined the efficacy of human albumin as a replacement for serum in embryo transfer (ET) medium. DESIGN In a prospective, randomized study, 224 cycles were analyzed. Patients were randomly divided into three groups: in group A, embryos were transferred in 75% serum; in group B, in 8% serum; and in group C, 2.25% human serum(More)
When previous attempts at in-vitro fertilization using semen from the husband failed, a subsequent IVF attempt was performed using husband and donor sperm in order to compare fertilization and embryo formation after insemination with husband and donor sperm of the same oocyte population. Significantly more eggs were fertilized in patients suffering from(More)
The conventional sperm characteristics of density (millions per milliliter) and motility, scored in a semi-subjective way, were correlated with results of an on-going in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer program. No male infertility patients were included in this study. Individual characteristics of the "successful" ejaculates are described. Sperm(More)