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Although controversial, diminished activity of 5,10 methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), a regulatory enzyme of homocysteine metabolism, may predispose to migraine in Turkish people. In a case-control study, we determined the prevalence of two common MTHFR polymorphisms,C677T and A1298C, in 102 migraine patients (23 migraine with aura, 70 migraine(More)
Schizophrenia is a complex disorder with a polygenic inheritance. Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) plays a significant role in the regulation of dopaminergic systems. A polymorphism at COMT Val108/158Met has been identified in association with schizophrenia. We examined the allele and genotype association of the COMT Val108/158Met polymorphism of 297(More)
The present study was conducted to evaluate scopolamine-induced convulsions in fasted mice after food intake effects on the cortical electroencephalogram (EEG). Continuous EEG recordings were taken with Neuroscan for 10 min in freely moving mice with six chronic cortical electrode implants. Animals were weighed and deprived of food for 48 h. EEG recordings(More)
Animals treated with scopolamine after fasting develop convulsions after they are allowed to eat ad libitum. This study was aimed at investigating the effect on these convulsions of liquid food intake, feeding by gavage, and placebo. Fasted mice treated with saline or scopolamine were allowed to eat solid food, slurry food or liquid food ad libitum, given(More)
To investigate the role of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene polymorphisms in schizophrenia, we analyzed the genotypes of MTHFR677 and MTHFR1298 of 130 schizophrenic patients and 226 controls, using a polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism method. The MTHFR T677 allele was significantly distributed (chi(2)=7.900; P=0.019),(More)
Schizophrenia is a complex and common psychiatric disorder with a polygenic inheritance. In our previous report, we showed an association between the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene C677T and A1298C polymorphisms and schizophrenia in patients from Bakirkoy in Istanbul, Turkey [Sazci, A., Ergul, E., Guzelhan, Y., Kaya, G., Kara, I., 2003.(More)
Hyperhomocysteinemia is an independent risk factor for ischemic stroke. The enzyme methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) plays a critical role in modulating the levels of plasma homocysteine. Two polymorphisms in the MTHFR gene, C677T, A1298C result in reduced enzyme activity. The mechanisms of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke are not well understood.(More)
The glutamatergic system is deeply involved in the development of opiate dependence and in the manifestation of opiate abstinence syndrome. In this study the effect of the increase in the endogenous glutamate (GLU) release due to 4-aminopyridine (4-AP), a potassium channel blocker, during the development of morphine (M) physical dependence and during the(More)
It is thought that glutamate (GLU) and acetylcholine (ACh) are co-released in the neuromuscular junction (NMJ). Consequently, GLU is also a mediator or modulator of neuromuscular transmission (n-m) together with ACh. Therefore we decided to investigate the role of GLU in n-m by using isolated rat phrenic nerve-hemidiaphragm preparations. Since the GLU(More)
BACKGROUND Family, twin and adoption studies have provided major evidence for the role of genetics in numerous psychiatric disorders including schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar disorders (BDs). As SZ and BD have some susceptibility genes in common and since unaffected first-degree relatives of these patients carry a high likelihood of these susceptibility(More)