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We compare the results of the transport and time-resolved magnetoluminescence measurements in disordered two-dimensional ͑2D͒ electron systems in GaAs-Al x Ga 1Ϫx As heterostructures in the extreme quantum limit, particularly in the vicinity of the metal-insulator transition ͑MIT͒. At filling factors ␯Ͻ1, the optical signal has two components: the(More)
Retardation effects, theoretically predicted more than 35 years ago, are observed in the spectrum of two-dimensional plasmons in high-electron-mobility GaAs/AlGaAs quantum wells. In zero magnetic field, a strong reduction of the resonant plasma frequency is observed due to the hybridization of the plasma and light modes. In a perpendicular magnetic field B,(More)
We report on the observation of a new spin mode in a quantum Hall system in the vicinity of odd electron filling factors under experimental conditions excluding the possibility of Skyrmion excitations. The new mode having presumably zero energy at odd filling factors emerges at small deviations from odd filling factors and couples to the spin exciton. The(More)
Coherent condensate states of particles obeying either Bose or Fermi statistics are in the focus of interest in modern physics. Here we report on condensation of collective excitations with Bose statistics, cyclotron magnetoexcitons, in a high-mobility two-dimensional electron system in a magnetic field. At low temperatures, the dense non-equilibrium(More)
It is occasionally possible to interpret strongly interacting many-body systems within a single-particle framework by introducing suitable fictitious entities, or 'quasi-particles'. A notable recent example of the successful application of such an approach is for a two-dimensional electron system that is exposed to a strong perpendicular magnetic field. The(More)
We observe a new type of magneto-oscillations in the photovoltage and the longitudinal resistance of a two-dimensional electron system. The oscillations are induced by microwave radiation and are periodic in magnetic field. The period is determined by the microwave frequency, the electron density, and the distance between potential probes. The phenomenon is(More)
The dispersion of the composite-fermion cyclotron-resonance mode is measured with an optical detection scheme under the combined excitation of microwave radiation and a surface acoustic wave from an interdigital transducer. The slowly traveling surface wave defines the transferred wave vector. Momenta up to 10;{8} m;{-1} are accessible. The(More)
Under an external magnetic field, new branches of spin- and charge-density waves have been studied in a quasi-two-dimensional electron system whose ground state has more than one Landau level occupied by electrons. These collective excitations can be treated as manifestations of the multicomponent nature of the electron system in magnetic field, whereas the(More)
Inelastic light scattering spectroscopy discloses a novel type of cyclotron spin-flip excitation in a quantum Hall system around the nu = 1/3 filling. The excitation energy follows qualitatively the degree of electron spin polarization, reaching a maximum value at nu = 1/3. This characterizes the new excitation as a nu = 1/3 ferromagnet eigenmode. The mode(More)
The rich correlation physics in two-dimensional (2D) electron systems is governed by the dispersion of its excitations. In the fractional quantum Hall regime, excitations involve fractionally charged quasi particles, which exhibit dispersion minima at large momenta referred to as rotons. These rotons are difficult to access with conventional techniques(More)