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Monkeypox virus (MPV) belongs to the orthopoxvirus genus of the family Poxviridae, is endemic in parts of Africa, and causes a human disease that resembles smallpox. The 196,858-bp MPV genome was analyzed with regard to structural features and open reading frames. Each end of the genome contains an identical but oppositely oriented 6379-bp terminal inverted(More)
Previous restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis divided variola virus (VARV) strains into two subtypes, one of which included West African and South American isolates. This allowed a dating to be introduced for the first time in estimation of the VARV evolution rate. The results were used to analyze the molecular evolution of the total family(More)
Kemerovo virus (KEMV), a member of the Reoviridae family, Orbivirus genus, is transmitted by Ixodes ticks and can cause aseptic meningitis and meningoencephalitis. Recently, this virus was observed in certain provinces of European part of Russia, Ural, and Western and Eastern Siberia. However, the occurrence and genetic diversity of KEMV in Western Siberia(More)
The growing body of knowledge concerning the molecular biology of viruses and virus-cell interactions provides possibilities to use viruses as a tool in an effort to treat malignant tumors. As a rule, tumor cells are highly sensitive to viruses, which can be used in cancer therapy. At the same time, the application of viral oncolysis in cancer treatment(More)
A screening assay for real-time LightCycler (Roche Applied Science, Mannheim, Germany) PCR identification of smallpox virus DNA was developed and compiled in a kit system under good manufacturing practice conditions with standardized reagents. In search of a sequence region unique to smallpox virus, the nucleotide sequence of the 14-kDa fusion protein gene(More)
A method for species-specific detection of orthopoxviruses pathogenic for humans and animals is described. The method is based on hybridization of a fluorescently labeled amplified DNA specimen with the oligonucleotide DNA probes immobilized on a microchip (MAGIChip). The probes identify species-specific sites within the crmB gene encoding the viral(More)
Modern data on selection and design of poxviruses, which are able to specifically lyse tumor cells of various origins and induce antitumor immunity and apoptosis of malignant cells, are presented in this review. Work is being carried out in several areas, including attenuation of viruses, insertion of immunomodulatory protein genes, and insertion of(More)
Monkeypox virus (MPV) causes a human disease which resembles smallpox but with a lower person-to-person transmission rate. To determine the genetic relationship between the orthopoxviruses causing these two diseases, we sequenced the 197-kb genome of MPV isolated from a patient during a large human monkeypox outbreak in Zaire in 1996. The nucleotide(More)
Human astrovirus is one of the etiological agents of acute gastroenteritis in humans, mostly in young children and elderly people. Complete genome sequencing of four human astrovirus strains isolated in Novosibirsk, Russia was performed. Analysis of these sequences and the sequences available in GenBank database has detected numerous potential recombination(More)
BACKGROUND Anti-cytokine autoantibodies (auto-Abs) are ubiquitous both in patients suffering from infectious, inflammatory and autoimmune diseases and in healthy individuals. Particularly anti-IFN-γ auto-Abs are shown to be elevated in blood of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. OBJECTIVE The aim of present study was to investigate whether repertoires of(More)