Igor Timofeev

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An in vivo preparation has been developed to study the mechanisms underlying spontaneous sleep oscillations. Dual and triple simultaneous intracellular recordings were made from neurons in small isolated cortical slabs (10 mm x 6 mm) in anesthetized cats. Spontaneously occurring slow sleep oscillations, present in the adjacent intact cortex, were absent in(More)
Earlier extracellular recordings during natural sleep have shown that, during slow-wave sleep (SWS), neocortical neurons display long-lasting periods of silence, whereas they are tonically active and discharge at higher rates during waking and sleep with rapid eye movements (REMs). We analyzed the nature of long-lasting periods of neuronal silence in SWS(More)
During natural slow-wave sleep (SWS) in nonanesthetized cats, silent (down) states alternate with active (up) states; the down states are absent during rapid-eye-movement sleep and waking. Oscillations (<1 Hz) in SWS and transformation to an activated awake state were investigated with intracellular recordings in vivo and with computational models of the(More)
Fast spontaneous oscillations (mainly 30-40 Hz) characterize cortical and thalamic neuronal networks during behavioral states of increased vigilance and depend on cell depolarization under the influence of ascending activating systems. We investigated, by means of intracellular recording and staining in vivo, the properties of fast-oscillating cortical(More)
Field potentials from different neocortical areas and intracellular recordings from areas 5 and 7 in acutely prepared cats under ketamine-xylazine anesthesia and during natural states of vigilance in chronic experiments, revealed the presence of fast oscillations (80-200 Hz), termed ripples. During anesthesia and slow-wave sleep, these oscillations were(More)
1. To explore the nature of the long-lasting hyperpolarizations that characterize slow oscillations in corticothalamic circuits in vivo, intracellular recordings were obtained under ketamine-xylazine anaesthesia from cortical (Cx) cells of the cat precruciate motor cortex, thalamic reticular (RE) cells from the rostrolateral sector, and thalamocortical (TC)(More)
In the previous paper we have demonstrated, by means of field potential and extracellular unit recordings, that bicuculline-induced seizures, which include spike-wave (SW) or polyspike-wave (PSW) complexes, are initiated intracortically and survive ipsilateral thalamectomy. Here, we used multisite field potential and extracellular recordings to validate the(More)
The synchronization of fast (mainly 30 to 40 Hz) oscillations in intrathalamic and thalamocortical (TC) networks of cat was studied under ketamine-xylazine anesthesia and in behaving animals by means of field potential, extra- and intracellular recordings from multiple sites in the thalamic reticular (RE) nucleus, dorsal (sensory, motor, and intralaminar)(More)
1. The patterns and synchronization of low-frequency, sleeplike rhythms (slow, spindle and delta oscillations) were compared in the intact-cortex and decorticated hemispheres of cats under ketamine-xylazine anesthesia. Intracellular recordings were performed in intact and decorticated hemispheres from 58 rostrolateral thalamic reticular (RE) neurons and(More)
Slow-wave sleep is characterized by alternating periods of activity and silence in corticothalamic networks. Both activity and silence are stable network states, but the mechanisms of their alternation remain unknown. We show, using simultaneous multisite intracellular recordings in cats, that slow rhythm involves all neocortical neurons and that both(More)