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Means for high-density multiparametric physiological mapping and stimulation are critically important in both basic and clinical cardiology. Current conformal electronic systems are essentially 2D sheets, which cannot cover the full epicardial surface or maintain reliable contact for chronic use without sutures or adhesives. Here we create 3D elastic(More)
Unlike other excitation-contraction uncouplers, blebbistatin has few electrophysiological side effects and has gained increasing acceptance as an excitation-contraction uncoupler in optical mapping experiments. However, the possible role of blebbistatin in ventricular arrhythmia has hitherto been unknown. Furthermore, experiments with blebbistatin and(More)
Optical mapping of arrhythmias and defibrillation provides important insights; however, a limitation of the technique is signal distortion due to photon scattering. The goal of this experimental/simulation study is to investigate the role of three-dimensional photon scattering in optical signal distortion during ventricular tachycardia (VT) and(More)
Cardiac fluorescent optical imaging provides the unique opportunity to investigate the dynamics of propagating electrical waves during ventricular arrhythmias and the termination of arrhythmias by strong electric shocks. Panoramic imaging systems using charge-coupled device (CCD) cameras as the photodetector have been developed to overcome the inability to(More)
Differences in mRNA expression levels have been observed in failing versus non-failing human hearts for several membrane channel proteins and accessory subunits. These differences may play a causal role in electrophysiological changes observed in human heart failure and atrial fibrillation, such as action potential (AP) prolongation, increased AP(More)
The virtual electrode polarization (VEP) effect is believed to play a key role in electrical stimulation of heart muscle. However, under certain conditions, including clinically, its existence and importance remain unknown. We investigated the influence of acute tissue damage produced by continuous pacing with strong current (40-mA, 4-ms biphasic pulses(More)
Because of its complexity, the atrioventricular node (AVN), remains 1 of the least understood regions of the heart. The aim of the study was to construct a detailed anatomic model of the AVN and relate it to AVN function. The electric activity of a rabbit AVN preparation was imaged using voltage-dependent dye. The preparation was then fixed and sectioned.(More)
The mouse is widely used as a genetic platform to investigate the molecular mechanisms of sinoatrial node (SAN) pacemaking. Recently, it has been shown that isolated SAN cells from the ankyrin-B (AnkB)-deficient mice display severe pacemaking dysfunction similar to individuals harboring ankyrin 2 allele variants. However, these results have been limited to(More)
The increasing availability of human cardiac tissues for study are critically important in increasing our understanding of the impact of gender, age, and other parameters, such as medications and cardiac disease, on arrhythmia susceptibility. In this study, we aimed to compare the mRNA expression of 89 ion channel subunits, calcium handling proteins, and(More)
Gap junction expression has been studied in the atrioventricular junction (AVJ) of many species, however, their distribution in the human AVJ is unknown. The AVJ expression of the gap junction protein connexin 43 (Cx43) is species dependent; therefore we investigated its distribution in the human AVJ. Using Masson trichrome histology, we reconstructed the(More)