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Recently it has been shown that the perturbation technique, based on joint use of both the direct and the adjoint solutions of the radiative transfer equation, is a powerful tool to solve and analyze various time-independent one-dimensional problems of atmospheric physics such as the calculation of weighting functions, prediction of radiative effects, and(More)
We survey recent developments in off-beam cloud lidar and especially the Wide Angle Imaging Lidar (WAIL) developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). By abandoning the single back-scattering assumption of standard (on-beam) lidar in favor of a multiple scattering model and with the appropriate modifications of the instrument, we enable detection(More)
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